Pauline

THE LORD OF GLORY

THE LORD OF GLORY IN the first century it was the custom in letter writing to begin with some pious expression. ‘Gaius to Amplias, greeting. May the gods preserve you’ is the usual kind of thing. This was just as much a part of a first-century letter as our ‘Dear So-and-so’ at the beginning, and …

THE LORD OF GLORY Read More »

ANGELS

ANGELS The scope of this article.—The passages in the apostolic writings in which angels are mentioned or referred to will be examined; some of them are ambiguous and have been interpreted in various ways. The doctrine of the OT and of the apocryphal period on the subject has been so fully dealt with in HDB …

ANGELS Read More »

ANATHEMA

ANATHEMA The transliteration of a Gr. word which is used in the LXX to represent the Heb. ḥērem, ‘a person or thing devoted or set apart, under religious sanctions, for destruction’ (Lv 27:28, 29, Jos 6:17). It is capable of use in the good sense of an offering to God, but was gradually confined to …

ANATHEMA Read More »

ALEXANDER (Ἀλέξανδρος, ‘helper of men’)

ALEXANDER (Ἀλέξανδρος, ‘helper of men’) This name is found in the NT in five different connexions, and possibly designates as many different individuals. The son of Simon of Cyrene, who bore the cross to Calvary (Mk 15:21), and the brother of Rufus. In all probability Alexander and his brother were well-known and honoured men in …

ALEXANDER (Ἀλέξανδρος, ‘helper of men’) Read More »

AGE

AGE The general significance of ‘age’ is a period of time, or a measure of life. Specially, it expresses the idea of advancement in life, or of oldness. Several Greek words are employed in NT for ‘age.’ (1) αἰών (see Æon). (2) γενεά, ‘a generation,’ loosely measured as extending from 30 to 33 years. In …

AGE Read More »

ADORNING

ADORNING Simplicity of personal attire has been no infrequent accompaniment of moral and religious earnestness, even when not matter of prescription. Two passages of the NT (1 Ti 2:9, 10, 1 P 3:3, 4) warn Christian women against excessive display in dress, fashion of the hair (see the art. Hair), and use of ornaments, and …

ADORNING Read More »

ADMONITION

ADMONITION Obedience to God’s law and submission to His will are essential for progressive spiritual life. Human nature being what it is, there is need for constant admonition (2 P 1:10–21). In the NT reference is made to this subject in its family, professional, and Divine aspects. νουθετέω and νουθεσία (a later form for νουθέτησις) …

ADMONITION Read More »

ADAM (Ἀδάμ)

ADAM (Ἀδάμ) Adam was the first man (אָדָם = man) and the parent of the human race.—1. When the writer of Jude (v. 14) thinks it worth noting that Enoch (q.v.) was ‘the seventh from Adam’ (ἕβδομος ἀπὸ Ἀδάμ), he probably has in mind the sacredness of the number seven. It seems to him an …

ADAM (Ἀδάμ) Read More »

ABSTINENCE

ABSTINENCE Introduction.—The whole of morality on its negative side may be included under Abstinence. Christian moral progress (sanctification) includes a holding fast (κατέχεσθαι) of the good, and an abstaining from (ἀπέχεσθαι) every form of evil (1 Th 5:21f.). While Christianity has general laws to distinguish the good from the bad, yet for each individual Christian …

ABSTINENCE Read More »