patriarch Isaac

Tmuis

TMUIS A city in the Eastern Delta, now known as Tall ‘Abd al-Salam. It lies southwest of the village of Timay in the province of Daqahliyyah approximately 12 miles (19 km) southeast of al- MANSURAH. Tmuis was one of the first Christian cities of Egypt. Ammonius was bishop of Tmuis before the middle of the …

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Shanasha

SHANASHA A town in the Delta province of Daqahliyyah. PSHOI OF SCETIS was born in Shanasha in the second half of the fourth century. The place was a bishopric from the middle of the thirteenth century at the latest until at least the beginning of the fourteenth century. The patriarch GABRIEL III (1268-1271) ordained a …

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Coptic Literature

COPTIC LITERATURE National literatures are defined not only by the language in which they are written but also by ethnic and cultural affinities that bind their authors. That is why we may distinguish an American literature in English from British literature or a Latin-American literature in Spanish from Spanish literature. The literature in the Coptic …

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Al-Burullus

AL-BURULLUS A town in Egypt located somewhere between present-day Baltim and al-Burj on the eastern shore of Lake Burullus in the northern Delta. Al-Burullus had a bishop as early as the first third of the fourth century. Bishop Nonnas was in office in 339; he was succeeded by Bishop Nemesion (Munier, 1943, p. 9). Bishop …

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Dayr Matra

DAYR MATRA When the patriarch BENJAMIN I returned to Alexandria in 644 from his exile in Upper Egypt, he chose as the episcopal residence the monastery of Matra, because it was the only one in the region of Alexandria whose monks had resisted the pressure of the emperor Heraclius to accept the dogma of CHALCEDON …

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Dahshur

DAHSHUR A town located on the left bank of the Nile about 15 miles (23 km) south of Giza. The importance of the town in ancient Egypt is evidenced by the pyramids of the Fourth Dynasty (2575-2465 B.C.), Twelfth Dynasty (1991-1783), and Thirteenth Dynasty (1783-1640) that still exist at the site. Although there are no …

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Libraries

LIBRARIES In pre-Christian times there were libraries in the temples of Egypt. From the Hellenistic period, the library of Alexandria is particularly well known. It once sheltered 700,000 scrolls, but in 48-47 B.C. it fell victim to a conflagration. A second library of Alexandria, located at the Serapeum, was destroyed in A.D. 391 during the …

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