patriarch BENJAMIN

Monastery Of St. Macarius

MONASTERY OF ST. MACARIUS It is the southernmost monastery in Wadi al-Natrun. The monastery bears the name of its patron St. Macarius, who died in about 390. This monastery became an official occasional residence for the Coptic patriarchs toward the middle of the sixth century when the Byzantine authorities did not allow them to reside …

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Nitria

NITRIA It is one of the earliest monastic habitations in Egypt. The site is called by Greek and Latin writers Nitria or the mountain of Nitria. It has been confused with Kellia and Scetis and was correctly identified by Hugh G. Evelyn White as Gabal al-Barnoug, where the present village of al-Barnoug stands at the …

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Kellia

KELLIA History of the Site The Kellia is one of the most important and most celebrated monastic groupings in Lower Egypt. Its location long remained uncertain. In 1935 Omar Toussoun wrongly believed he had discovered its ruins near the northwest extremity of the Wadi al- Natrun. It was the exact location of the ancient Nitria …

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Coptic Literature

COPTIC LITERATURE National literatures are defined not only by the language in which they are written but also by ethnic and cultural affinities that bind their authors. That is why we may distinguish an American literature in English from British literature or a Latin-American literature in Spanish from Spanish literature. The literature in the Coptic …

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Basil The Great

BASIL THE GREAT The archbishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia (330-379). Basil supported the tradition of ATHANASIUS in continuing the defense of orthodoxy against ARIANISM, particularly in Asia Minor. He was an active theologian, but was able to connect theological work with ascetic practice. Basil’s background and education were Hellenistic. The descendant of a rich and …

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Dayr Nahya (Giza)

DAYR NAHYA (Giza) A monastery that enjoyed an extraordinary renown even among the Muslims. It was situated near the village of the same name (Nahya), to the northwest of Giza at the foot of the Jabal Abu Ruwash. According to The Churches and Monasteries of Egypt, it was founded by a merchant who came from …

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Dayr Qibriyus

DAYR QIBRIYUS A monastery near Alexandria. The HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS records that the future patriarch BENJAMIN I (622-661) took refuge, a year before the death of his predecessor the patriarch ANDRONICUS, in a monastery situated “to the northeast of the town,” close to a holy old man named Theonas. The monastery had not been …

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