Passio

Saints Herpaese And Julianus

SAINTS HERPAESE AND JULIANUS Two martyrs of fourth-century Egypt. Two Sahidic fragments (Berliner Papyrussammlung, P22122; ed. Satzinger, 1967-1968, n. 324) are all that remain of a Passio of the martyrs Herpaese and Julianus, who are named nowhere else in Coptic tradition and who are not even included in the Copto-Arabic SYNAXARION. The text is clearly …

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Saint Ursus Of Solothurn

SAINT URSUS OF SOLOTHURN A fourth-century Egyptian who was a member of the THEBAN LEGION martyred in Switzerland under the emperors Maximian and DIOCLETIAN (feast day: 30 September). Foremost among sources specifically naming Ursus are the records left by Saint Eucherius, the fifth-century bishop of Lyons, Passio Agaunensium martyrum and an anonymous Passio sancti Mauritii …

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Theban Legion

THEBAN LEGION According to Saint Eucherius, legion consisting of 6,600 Christian soldiers who had been recruited in Thebes (the Thebaid) in Upper Egypt as part of the Roman army. Three detailed manuscripts tell of the martyrdom of the Theban Legion, mainly at Agaunum (Saint Maurice-en-Valais), during the reign of Emperor DIOCLETIAN (284-305) and his co-emperor …

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Theodotus Of Ancyra

THEODOTUS OF ANCYRA The bishop of Ancyra (Galatia) (d. c. 445). After being a supporter of Nestorius, he became an opponent, taking the side of CYRIL at the Council of EPHESUS. This was probably why his memory continued to live on in the Coptic literary tradition and why he was attributed with the authorship of …

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Persecutions

PERSECUTIONS The persecution of Christians in Egypt has to be considered in connection with the religious policy and the ruler cult of the Roman emperors. Right from the start the Christians, being the followers of what was largely perceived as a Jewish sectarian executed by order of a Roman government representative, looked suspicious to both …

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Pascha

PASCHA A Jewish feast rooted in the seminomadic religious practices of the ancient Near East, attached to memories of the Israelites’ exodus from Egypt by the historicizing interpretation of Exodus 12:12-13, 23-27, and Deuteronomy 16:1-6, and adapted to the celebration of the Christian mystery of salvation by the early Christians. Despite modern philological proposals, the …

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Peter I

PETER I The seventeenth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (300-311). Peter succeeded THEONAS (282-300) and, according to tradition, he was the last or the “seal” of the martyrs. The accounts of his turbulent and tragic archiepiscopate comprise a fascinating and important source for early Church history. Peter not only defended the orthodox faith …

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