Pachomians

Letter Of Ammon

LETTER OF AMMON The two most important manuscripts that have transmitted the text of the first Greek Life of Pachomius to us, the Florentinus and the Atheniensis, have also preserved the text of a document known as the Epistula Ammonis. It is a letter addressed by a bishop called Ammon to a certain Theophilus and …

Letter Of Ammon Read More »

Coptic Literature

COPTIC LITERATURE National literatures are defined not only by the language in which they are written but also by ethnic and cultural affinities that bind their authors. That is why we may distinguish an American literature in English from British literature or a Latin-American literature in Spanish from Spanish literature. The literature in the Coptic …

Coptic Literature Read More »

Paphnutius

PAPHNUTIUS A fifth-century  archimandrite of Tabennese. Paphnutius succeeded Victor as abbot general of the Tabennesiotes (Van Lantschoot, p. 20, n. 24), and preceded Martyrius. He visited Patriarch Dioscorus, exiled in Gangra (Nau, 1903, p. 297), and obtained a miracle from the patriarch, who healed a paralytic. Paphnutius’ tenure of office must have been fairly short. …

Paphnutius Read More »

Melitian Schism

MELITIAN SCHISM He began when MELITIUS (or Meletius), bishop of Lycopolis (modern Asyut) in Upper Egypt, objected to the terms set by PETER I of Alexandria for the readmission of lapsed Christians. Melitius began to ordain supporters of his stricter policy, and they constituted the core of the movement. Persecution continued and Melitius was exiled. …

Melitian Schism Read More »

Monastery Of The Metanoia

MONASTERY OF THE METANOIA The Alexandrian Monastery of the Metanoia (Penitence), also called the Monastery of Canopus or of the Tabennesiotes, played a prominent role in the religious history and the administrative life of Byzantine Egypt. One can merely catch a glimpse of this, for sources contain obscurities and contradictions. Origins No archaeological traces of …

Monastery Of The Metanoia Read More »

Economic Activities Of Monasteries

ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES OF MONASTERIES Despite schisms, persecutions, occasional devastation by the barbarians, and the Persian and Arab conquests in 619 and 641, respectively, the history of the Egyptian monasteries from the fourth to the eighth centuries constitutes a whole. The period was one of expansion and material prosperity. Various categories of sources—literary, papyrological, and archaeological—indicate …

Economic Activities Of Monasteries Read More »

Dayr Al-Shalwit

DAYR AL-SHALWIT About 6 miles (10 km) northwest of Armant is a small temple erected by the Roman emperors Hadrian and Antonius Pius in honor of the goddess Isis that is described by the local inhabitants under the name Dayr al-Shalwit. It was occupied by a Christian community, as is shown by numerous graffiti traced …

Dayr Al-Shalwit Read More »