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Epiclesis

EPICLESIS The invoking of the name of God upon a person or thing. Although in the baptismal liturgy the Holy Trinity is invoked upon the baptized person, and in the rites of confirmation and ordination the invocation is of the Holy Spirit, this article is limited to the liturgy of the Holy Eucharist. In the …

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Icons, Coptic

ICONS, COPTIC Holy panel paintings of Christ, the Virgin Mary, saints, or subjects from the Old and New Testaments. The word icon is derived from the Greek word eikon, meaning “image” or “portrait.” Icons are symbols of the invisible presence of Christ, the Virgin Mary, and the saints. They are the connection between the church …

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Jablonski, Paul Ernst

JABLONSKI, PAUL ERNST (1693-1757) German theologian and Orientalist. He studied at the University of Frankfurt-an-der- Oder. He continued his studies at Berlin, where he learned Coptic under the supervision of La Goze. During his travels from 1717 to 1720, he copied Coptic manuscripts at Paris, Leiden, and Oxford, which he gave to La Goze. In …

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Jeremiah, Saint

JEREMIAH, SAINT Very little is known about this saint. It is plausible that the monastery at Saqqara had been placed under the patronage of a Jeremiah, to whom a particular holiness was attributed, whether or not he was its first superior. The chronicle of the bishop JOHN OF NIKIOU seems to speak of him, which …

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Didascalia

DIDASCALIA دسقولية The complete title of this third-century work is Didascalia id est doctrina catholica duodecim apostolorum et discipulorum sanctorum Salvatoris nostri (Instructions, That Is, Catholic Doctrine, of the Twelve Apostles and Holy Disciples of Our Savior). Although originally written in Greek, it is currently extant in a Syriac translation and extensive Latin fragments. Portions …

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Durunkah

DURUNKAH A city in middle Egypt located on the left bank of the Nile about 5 miles (8 km) south of Asyut. The area south of Asyut in which Durunkah is situated has long been a center of Christianity. However, the attestations of Christianity in Durunkah itself do not begin until the medieval era. The …

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Diaconia

DIACONIA A term of Greek origin with multiple meanings. The original sense of diaconia in classical and Hellenistic Greek was “service.” In later Greek, diaconia practically always denoted religious service of one kind or another, or bodies that had to do with such services. In later Greek texts from Egypt and in Coptic texts, we …

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Devaud, Eugene Victor (1878-1929)

DEVAUD, EUGENE VICTOR (1878-1929) Swiss Egyptologist. He was born in Fribourg, studied in Lyons and Berlin, and then was appointed lecturer at Fribourg University. He made important contributions to Coptic etymology in various journals. His manuscripts are now in the Griffith Institute, Oxford. His Coptic contributions include Etudes d’étymologie copte (Fribourg, 1922) and Psalterii Versio …

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