ORIGEN

Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5)

TRIPARTITE TRACTATE (NHC I, 5) A lengthy theological treatise divided into three parts (divisions indicated by scribal decorations) for which no title is preserved in the manuscript. Tripartite Tractate contains a comparatively late, highly developed Valentinian Gnostic system, somewhat comparable in its arrangement to Origen‘s treatise On First Principles. The first part deals with the …

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Ophites

OPHITES Gnostic heretics so designated by patristic heresiologists on the basis of the role played by the serpent of Genesis 3 (Greek ophis) in their mythology. In these accounts, the serpent is praised as the revealer of gnosis (knowledge) to Adam and Eve, and is equated by some with Jesus Christ. The pagan writer Celsus …

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Origen (185-Ca. 254)

ORIGEN (185-ca. 254) Theologian. Origen is the most controversial person in Christian history. He is considered by the Fathers of the Church, such as Eusebius of Caesarea and Pamphile, as being a saint, while other Fathers such as Epiphanius, Theophilus (Patriarch of Alexandria), and Shenute (or Dioscorus) considered him a heretic. In the sixth century, …

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Penance

PENANCE The book of The Shepherd by Hermas (written in Rome in the mid-second century) mentioned baptism as the unique way for the remission of sins. But for Christians who committed a great sin after baptism, there is the metanoia or penance. Tertullian in the beginning of the third century published the first treatise On …

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