Nubian kingdom


SOBA The capital city of the medieval Nubian kingdom of ‘ALWA. It was situated on the east bank of the Blue Nile, a short distance upstream from the confluence with the White Nile. The city is not mentioned by name in any text before the early Middle Ages, but it must have been founded at …

Soba Read More »


LONGINUS A sixth-century missionary, who, according to ecclesiastical historians, played an important role in bringing Christianity to the Nubian kingdoms both of NOBATIA and of ‘ALWA. Information about his life and activities is found in the work of his contemporary, John of Ephesus, and in the later writers Eutychius and AL-MAQRIZI. According to John of …

Longinus Read More »

Baqt Treaty

BAQT TREATY The Baqt was a negotiated agreement between ‘Abdallah ibn Sa’id ibn Abi Sarh, the Umayyad governor of Egypt, and the Nubian king of MAKOURIA. It was concluded at DONGOLA in A.D. 632 following an unsuccessful Muslim attempt to subjugate the Nubian kingdom. The name Baqt is presumed to be derivative from Greek pakton …

Baqt Treaty Read More »

Beja Tribes

BEJA TRIBES The nomadic and warlike Beja tribes have occupied the Red Sea hills of Egypt and Sudan since very early times. In pharaonic days, the tribes were known as the Medjay and were already regarded as a menace by the settled populations in the Nile Valley. One of the Egyptian frontier fortresses built in …

Beja Tribes Read More »

Julian, Evangelist

JULIAN, EVANGELIST According to the Ecclesiastical History of John of Ephesus, the first Christian missionary to work among the Nubians was a Monophysite priest named Julian. He had earlier accompanied the Coptic patriarch THEODOSIUS I in his exile in Constantinople, and through him had become imbued with a zeal to convert the Nubians. In pursuit …

Julian, Evangelist Read More »

Qasr Ibrim

QASR IBRIM A fortified hilltop settlement in Lower Nubia, about 25 miles (40 km) to the north of the famous temples of Abu Simbel. A temple seems to have been built there in the Egyptian New Kingdom, and the place was intermittently occupied from that time until its final abandonment in 1811. The name appears …

Qasr Ibrim Read More »

تأسيس شركة في دبي - تأسيس شركة في جبل علي - تأسيس شركة في المنطقة الحرة تاسيس شركة في دبي - تاسيس شركة في جبل علي - تاسيس شركة في المنطقة الحرة بدء شركة في دبي - بدء شركة في جبل علي - بدء شركة في المنطقة الحرة إنشاء شركة في دبي - إنشاء شركة في جبل علي - إنشاء شركة في المنطقة الحرة انشاء شركة في دبي - انشاء شركة في جبل علي - انشاء شركة في المنطقة الحرة عمل شركة في دبي - عمل شركة في جبل علي - عمل شركة في المنطقة الحرة عمل شركة في دبي للسعوديين - عمل شركة في دبي للاجانب - تأسيس شركة في دبي للسعوديين