Coptic art in the Coptic museum

Coptic art in the Coptic museum Coptic art began to emerge in Egypt around 300 A.D. In form, style, and content it was quite different from the art of Pharaonic Egypt. How’ did this come about? Broadly speaking, there were two causes. The first is that indigenous Egyptian art had been in contact with the […]

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Gnosticism Bibliography

GNOSTICISM BIBLIOGRAPHY Attridge, Harold W., ed. Nag Hammadi Codex I (The Jung Codex). Nag Hammadi Studies 22-23. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1985. Bohlig, Alexander, and Frederik Wisse, eds. Nag Hammadi Codices III, 2 and IV, 2: The Gospel of the Egyptians (The Holy Book of the Great Invisible Spirit). Nag Hammadi Studie, 4. Leiden: E. […]

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Coptic Museum

COPTIC MUSEUM A museum founded in Cairo in 1902. The first exhibition of Coptic art in Egypt took place sometime at the end of the nineteenth century in the Bulaq Museum, the precursor of the actual Museum of Egyptian Antiquities. The collection was exhibited in a hall called “La Salle copte” before it was moved […]

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Concept Of Our Great Power

CONCEPT OF OUR GREAT POWER An apocalyptic tractate dating from the mid-fourth century or shortly thereafter and influenced by Jewish speculations, biblical or apocryphal, slightly tinged with gnosticism. The aim of the text is to describe the history of the world in its fundamental stages: creation, the flood, the origin of evil, the coming of […]

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Colophon

COLOPHON A name given to the statements at the end of a manuscript about the copyist, the readers, or other persons. Among Coptic manuscripts from the second half of the fourth century with colophons are Codex II (145.20-23; Krause and Labib, 106) and Codex VII (127.28-32; Krause and Labib, 3) from the NAG HAMMADI LIBRARY. […]

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Coptology And Coptological Studies

COPTOLOGY AND COPTOLOGICAL STUDIES Martin Krause, the father of modern Coptology, has defined Coptology as “a scientific discipline in Oriental studies that investigates the language and culture of Egypt and Nubia in the widest sense: literature, religion, history, archaeology, and art. Its range extends from late antiquity to the Middle Ages, or even down to […]

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Crosby Schøyen Codex

CROSBY SCHØYEN CODEX (earlier names: Crosby Codex, Mississippi Coptic Codex I, and Savery Codex), a single-quire papyrus codex in Sahidic Coptic that came to light as part of a major manuscript discovery made by Egyptian peasants in 1952 near the base of the cliff Jabal Abu Manna some 7½ miles (12 km) east of the […]

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Pahor Labib (1905-1994)

PAHOR LABIB (1905-1994) Director of the Coptic Museum, educator. He was born in Cairo. His father was Iqladiyus Labib, who used to speak only Coptic with his family. He studied Egyptology at Cairo University and obtained his PhD from the University of Friedrich Wilhelms, Berlin, in 1934. He was appointed lecturer in the Institute of […]

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Codex Jung

CODEX JUNG A codex containing the greater part of Codex I of the NAG HAMMADI LIBRARY. Purchased from an antiquities dealer in Belgium by the Jung Institute of Zurich on 10 May 1952, it contains pages 1-32, 37-48, 51-58, 91-136, and some fragments of the codex. The rest of the manuscript was among the Nag […]

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Sentences Of Sextus

SENTENCES OF SEXTUS About one-quarter of a Coptic version of the Sentences of Sextus, a collection of almost 500 wisdom sayings drawn largely from pagan sources and thinly Christianized by a second-century editor, appears in the scattered folios of Codex XII of the NAG HAMMADI LIBRARY (NHC XII, 1.15-16 and 27-34; Sextus 158-80 and 307-397). […]

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