Nag Hammadi codices

Manichaeism and Gnosticism in the Panopolitan Region between Lykopolis and Nag Hammadi

Manichaeism and Gnosticism in the Panopolitan Region between Lykopolis and Nag Hammadi TO DEAL WITH the religious movements of Manichaeism and Gnosticism in the area of Sohag presents a good many problems and raises several ques­tions that will perhaps never be answered. This fact depends on our lack of evidence concerning these two strong ‘enemies’ …

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Gnosticism Bibliography

GNOSTICISM BIBLIOGRAPHY Attridge, Harold W., ed. Nag Hammadi Codex I (The Jung Codex). Nag Hammadi Studies 22-23. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1985. Bohlig, Alexander, and Frederik Wisse, eds. Nag Hammadi Codices III, 2 and IV, 2: The Gospel of the Egyptians (The Holy Book of the Great Invisible Spirit). Nag Hammadi Studie, 4. Leiden: E. …

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Gnosticism In Egypt

GNOSTICISM IN EGYPT The term “Gnosticism” was first coined in the 17th century to refer to an early Christian heresy described by the Church Father Irenaeus of Lyon in his five volumes Against Heresies (ca. 185). Historians of religions use the term to refer to a religion that probably developed around the turn of the …

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Gospel Of Judas

GOSPEL OF JUDAS Its text is extant in only one manuscript, known as Codex Tchacos, an early fourth-century Coptic papyrus manuscript that surfaced in the 1970s. It is reported that the codex was discovered during an illegal search for treasures in a burial cave near the village of Qarrara north of al-Minya in Middle Egypt. …

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Martin Krause (1930-)

MARTIN KRAUSE (1930-) A Coptologist and educator. He is the father of modern Coptology. He was born in Planitz near Zwickau, Germany. He studied theology, Egyptology, and the history of religion in Berlin and Leipzig and obtained a PhD (Berlin) in 1956 and a ThD (Leipzig) in 1958. In 1958, he joined the German Archaeological …

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Togo Mina (1906-1949)

TOGO MINA (1906-1949) An Egyptian Coptologist. He was born in Assiut in Upper Egypt. He obtained a diploma of Egyptology from Cairo University in 1929. Between 1930 and 1934 he studied at the Ecole Pratique, Ecole du Louvre, and Institut Catholique in France. His dissertation “Le martyr d’Apa Epima” was published in Cairo in 1937. …

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Nag Hammadi Codices

NAG HAMMADI CODICES A group of 12 papyrus codices plus eight leaves dating from the fourth century and inscribed in Coptic. The manuscripts were discovered in a buried storage jar by fellahin (farmers) in 1945 some 10 kilometers from Nag Hammadi, and are now housed in the Coptic Museum in Old Cairo. Publication of the …

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Sethians

SETHIANS Gnostic heretics so designated by patristic heresiologists. According to some accounts, they had an elaborate myth in which Seth, son of Adam, played a prominent role as revealer of gnosis and was equated by some with Jesus Christ. In this system, Gnostics are referred to as the “seed” or “race” of Seth. Several of …

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