Mythology

Gnosticism Bibliography

GNOSTICISM BIBLIOGRAPHY Attridge, Harold W., ed. Nag Hammadi Codex I (The Jung Codex). Nag Hammadi Studies 22-23. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1985. Bohlig, Alexander, and Frederik Wisse, eds. Nag Hammadi Codices III, 2 and IV, 2: The Gospel of the Egyptians (The Holy Book of the Great Invisible Spirit). Nag Hammadi Studie, 4. Leiden: E. …

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Gnosticism In Egypt

GNOSTICISM IN EGYPT The term “Gnosticism” was first coined in the 17th century to refer to an early Christian heresy described by the Church Father Irenaeus of Lyon in his five volumes Against Heresies (ca. 185). Historians of religions use the term to refer to a religion that probably developed around the turn of the …

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Melchizedek (NHC IX, 1)

MELCHIZEDEK (NHC IX, 1) A Sethian Gnostic apocalypse written in the name of Melchizedek, “Priest of God Most High” (see Gen. 14:18). Its title occurs at the beginning. Codex IX is quite fragmentary; much of the text is lost in lacunae. The text reflects influence from early Jewish lore concerning Melchizedek, but also features Jesus …

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Ophites

OPHITES Gnostic heretics so designated by patristic heresiologists on the basis of the role played by the serpent of Genesis 3 (Greek ophis) in their mythology. In these accounts, the serpent is praised as the revealer of gnosis (knowledge) to Adam and Eve, and is equated by some with Jesus Christ. The pagan writer Celsus …

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