MOUNIR SHOUCRI

Cyril VI

CYRIL VI The 116th patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1959-1971). He was born ‘Azir Yusuf ‘Ata in 1902 at Tukh al-Nasara, in the Minufiyyah Province, to a devout family who later moved to Alexandria, where he completed his education. At the age of twenty-five, he retreated to al-Baramus Monastery (DAYR AL-BARAMUS), where he …

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CYRIL V

CYRIL V The 112th patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1874-1927). He was born at the village of Tizmant in Bani Suef Province, in 1824, and was known as Hanna al-Nasikh (the calligrapher) because of his beautiful handwriting. At the age of twenty he entered DAYR AL- BARAMUS in Wadi al-Natrun. He was elevated …

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CYRIL IV

CYRIL IV The 110th Patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1854-1861). He was born Dawud Tumas Bashut in 1816 at Naj‘ Abu Zaqali, near Akhmim in Upper Egypt. At the age of twenty-two he entered St. Antony’s monastery (DAYR ANBA ANTUNIYUS), becoming its abbot at the age of twenty-four by virtue of his good …

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Yusab II

YUSAB II The 115th patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1946-1956). He was born in 1880 at Dayr al-Tafatish, a village near al-Balyana in the province of Jirja. He entered DAYR ANBA ANTUNIYUS, in the Eastern Desert, at the age of seventeen, and was made priest and HEGUMENOS in 1901. From 1902 to 1905 …

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Sa‘D Mikha’il ‘Abdu

SA‘D MIKHA’IL ‘ABDU (1831-1892) An Egyptian government administrator. He was a contemporary of Basilius Bey in whose administration he worked. In the performance of his duties, he gained direct access to the khedive’s court and was able to receive certain favors for the Coptic community from both Khedive Ismail (1803-1879) and his successor Tewfik (1879-1892). …

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Patriarchal Election

PATRIARCHAL ELECTION The Coptic Orthodox church is an apostolic church, and its first patriarchs were selected from a limited number of priests of whom the first group of twelve were appointed to help ANIANUS (68-85), who succeeded Saint Mark as second bishop of Alexandria. According to Sa‘id IBN AL-BITRIQ, the tenth-century Melchite patriarch also known …

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Peter VII

PETER VII The 109th patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1809-1852). He was born at al-Jawli, a small town near Manfalut in the province of Asyut, hence his cognomen al-Jawli. He entered Saint Antony’s monastery (DAYR ANBA ANTUNIYUS) at an early age, and was later selected to become the metropolitan in Ethiopia. For some …

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Philosophy

PHILUTHAWUS IBRAHIM AL-BAGHDADI (1837-1904) An Egyptian clergyman. He was born in Tanta, capital of the Gharbiyyah Province in the Delta, and received his early education in Coptic schools. He then worked as a clerk while learning Italian, which was then the language of commerce. He joined public service for two years in the province of …

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