Morgan Library

Saint Tolemaus

SAINT TOLEMAUS A martyr in the persecution under DIOCLETIAN (feast day: 11 Kiyahk). The text of his Passion has come down to us in two codices in Sahidic (Rossi, 1893, p. 5, in the Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, M 581, phot. 32). The account found in the Morgan codex, which is also given in …

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Saint Shenufe

SAINT SHENUFE A fourth-century martyr under DIOCLETIAN, (feast day: 7 Babah). His Passion has survived complete in a codex (Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, M 583, fols. 103-138; ed. Reymond and Barns, 1973, pp. 83-127) and in fragments of another codex (Coptic Museum, Cairo, Sottas, 1919). At the beginning of the text there is an …

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Saint Judas Cyriacus

SAINT JUDAS CYRIACUS A second-century bishop of Jerusalem associated in legend with the discovery of the cross. In connection with Judas Cyriacus we must distinguish history from legend. EUSEBIUS OF CAESAREA is the earliest witness that Judas was the fifteenth bishop of Jerusalem, after James, the brother of the Lord. But Eusebius himself was astonished …

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John Of Shmun

JOHN OF SHMUN A sixth- and early seventh-century bishop of Shmun and writer of two Coptic works in praise of Saints MARK and ANTONY. There is no other evidence about him in Coptic literary tradition except for a passage by the historian SAWIRUS IBN AL-MUQAFFA‘ and John’s own mention in one work of his contemporary, …

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Coptic Law

COPTIC LAW By “Coptic law” we understand the particularities of legal practice evidenced in documents written in the Coptic language, from roughly the sixth to the ninth century (Steinwenter, 1955; Schiller, 1932a, 1957, 1971a). The substance of the law is found in the combination of Greek, Coptic, and Arabic documents, but the present treatment rests …

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Basil Of Oxyrhynchus

BASIL OF OXYRHYNCHUS A sixth-century author of the homily In Honor of Longinus (hegumenos of ENATON), found complete in a codex now in New York (Pierpont Morgan Library, M 579, fols. 103-110, unpublished). According to the title of the homily, Basil was bishop of Pemje (Oxyrhynchus). He delivered the homily on the occasion of the …

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Saint Theodorus

SAINT THEODORUS The name of two Coptic martyrs. One is surnamed Stratelates (“the General”) and the other “Anatolius” (though, as we shall see, understanding this as equivalent to “Eastern” is not correct). The sources concerning them are sometimes common to both, so that we shall deal with them together, while pointing out the distinction between …

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