Minuf

Covenant Of ‘Umar

COVENANT OF ‘UMAR Ascribed to the second Orthodox caliph, ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (634-644), and regarded as a document of primary importance in regulating the relations between the Muslim conquerors of the Middle East and their Dhimmi subjects, that is, the Jews and the Christians, including the Coptic nation in Egypt. The situation of the Copts …

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Zacharias

ZACHARIAS The sixty-fourth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1004-1032). Zacharias was a contemporary of the rulers of Egypt al-HAKIM BI-AMR ALLAH (996-1021) and al-Zahir Abu al- Hasan ‘Ali (1021-1035). He was a poor priest in Alexandria, and no one knew much about him. His selection occurred in rather unusual circumstances. When the bishops …

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Yusab I

YUSAB I A saint and fifty-second patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (830-849). Yusab was an orphaned child born in the city of Upper Minuf (MINUF AL-‘ULYA). He was adopted by a Coptic archon from Nikiou, where he lived to the age of maturity and began to aspire to monastic life and the flight …

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Copto-Arabic Literature

COPTO-ARABIC LITERATURE Coptic literature per se, a subject treated elsewhere, is confined to the writings in the Coptic language during the early centuries of medieval Egyptian history when that language was the spoken language of the people as well as their only written instrument. After the ARAB CONQUEST OF EGYPT in the seventh century, the …

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Atris

ATRIS A village on the left bank of the Rosetta branch of the Nile, in the markaz (district) of Imbabah, Minufiyyah, not far from Bani Salamah, 45 miles (73 km) northwest of Cairo. The existence of a monastery in or near this village is attested by the Chronicle of JOHN OF NIKIOU (second half of …

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Copto-Arabic Synaxarion

COPTO-ARABIC SYNAXARION A list of saints used in the Coptic church Editions of the Synaxarion This book, which has become a liturgical book, is very important for the history of the Coptic church. It appears in two forms: the recension from Lower Egypt, which is the quasi-official book of the Coptic church from Alexandria to …

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Tarnut

TARNUT A town located on the western edge of the Egyptian Delta some 12 miles (19 km) west of Minuf in the province of Minufiyyah. The site of the town is now known as Kom Abu Billu. Tarnut was a bishopric at least as early as the end of the fourth century when Bishop John …

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Azari

AZARI A medieval town in the province of Gharbiyyah. Administrative documents of the time situate it in an area called at that time Jazirat Bani Nasr, stretching eastward from the Rosetta branch of the Nile, slightly southwest of Minuf, and from Niqiyus in the south as far as Qulayb Ibyar in the north. It was …

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Anglican Church In Egypt

ANGLICAN CHURCH IN EGYPT Since 1815, when the Church Missionary Society (CMS) in London commissioned William Jowett to lead a team of missionaries, whose initial mandate was not to make converts among Muslims but to seek to bring about the “enlightenment and elevation” of “those who are already outwardly members of Christian churches,” the Anglican …

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