martyrdom

Eudoxia

EUDOXIA The name given to a fictitious sister of Constantine in a Sahidic Coptic legend, which credits her with the discovery of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. The legend is preserved almost intact in a single papyrus codex in the Egyptian Museum of Turin (Cat. 63,000, codex Ib, fols. 10v-41r, seventh to eighth century). A …

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Ethiopian Monasticism

ETHIOPIAN MONASTICISM Perhaps the most important aspect of Ethiopian Christianity is its monasticism. Introduced into the country probably at the time when Christianity itself was first preached, its centers, the monasteries, have set the rule of conduct for the domestic and foreign policy of the Christian kingdom up to the twentieth century. The monks were …

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Epima, Saint

EPIMA, SAINT A martyr in the persecutions of DIOCLETIAN (feast day: 8 Abib). The text of his Passion has come down in a Bohairic codex (Vatican Library, Coptic manuscripts, codex 66, fols. 96-123; Balestri and Hyvernat, 1908) and a Sahidic codex (Coptic Museum, Cairo; Togo-Mina, 1937). The beginning of the Passion is connected with the …

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Isaac Of Tiphre, Saint

ISAAC OF TIPHRE, SAINT A martyr in fourth-century Egypt (feast day: 6 Bashans). Isaac is commemorated in the Coptic Church but is unknown in the tradition of other churches. His Passion is preserved in Bohairic in three manuscripts: one in the British Museum (Or. 8799), and two in the Vatican Library (Coptic 66f. and 69f.). …

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Didascalia

DIDASCALIA دسقولية The complete title of this third-century work is Didascalia id est doctrina catholica duodecim apostolorum et discipulorum sanctorum Salvatoris nostri (Instructions, That Is, Catholic Doctrine, of the Twelve Apostles and Holy Disciples of Our Savior). Although originally written in Greek, it is currently extant in a Syriac translation and extensive Latin fragments. Portions …

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