MARK II

Al-Farama (Pelusium)

AL-FARAMA (Pelusium) A city located in the northwest corner of the Sinai Peninsula about 14 miles (22.5 km) east of the Suez Canal and 3 miles (5 km) inland from the Mediterranean Sea. Coptic tradition holds that the Holy Family stopped in al-Farama during the FLIGHT INTO EGYPT. Attestations of Christianity in Pelusium in the Byzantine …

Al-Farama (Pelusium) Read More »

Mark II, Saint

MARK II, SAINT A forty-ninth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (799-819) (feast day: 22 Baramudah). He was an important patriarch, a fascinating individual, a master preacher, and an eminent Coptic writer. Mark’s life was closely associated with that of his predecessor, JOHN IV. As a deacon in Alexandria, he became John’s disciple and …

Mark II, Saint Read More »

Nabaruh

NABARUH A town in the Egyptian Delta located about 5 miles (8 km) northwest of al-Mansurah in the Gharbiyyah province. Nabaruh first took on an importance for Christians during the patriarchate of MARK II (799-819) when a certain Macarius who administered the district of Sakha urged ‘Abd al-Aziz to write to Patriarch Mark bidding him …

Nabaruh Read More »

Eucharist

EUCHARIST One of seven sacraments in the Coptic church. Although all sacraments contain and impart grace, the Eucharist carries the most sublime grace of all. In BAPTISM, for example, water remains water, as does the holy chrism in confirmation, the visible element of the sacrament thus undergoing no change. In the Eucharist, however, the bread …

Eucharist Read More »

The Enaton

THE ENATON One of the chief monastic centers of Byzantine and medieval Egypt, near Alexandria. It was called in Arabic Dayr al-Zujaj (Monastery of Glass) or Dayr al-Zajjaj (Monastery of the Glass Maker). Although the whole complex of monasteries at Enaton was completely ruined at the end of the Middle Ages, numerous Greek and Oriental …

The Enaton Read More »

Jacob, Saint

JACOB, SAINT The fiftieth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (819-830). Jacob (Ya‘qub) is known to have been a monk of the monastery of Saint Macarius (DAYR ANBA MAQAR) at a time when the bedouins from the Western Desert raided WADI HABIB and pillaged its monasteries and destroyed many of its churches. This occurred …

Jacob, Saint Read More »

Agharwah

AGHARWAH A town of the uncertain location mentioned several times in the HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS. During the patriarchate of JOHN III, Agharwah and Sakhitus, both of which had been Chalcedonian (that is, Greek Orthodox) communities, entered into the Coptic national church. The patriarch MARK II (799-819) stopped at Agharwah while journeying from Cairo to …

Agharwah Read More »