Mareotis

ALEXANDRIA (Ἀλεξάνδρια)

ALEXANDRIA (Ἀλεξάνδρια) The city of Alexandria almost realized Alexander the Great’s dream of ‘a city surpassing anything previously existing’ (Plutarch, Alex. xxvi.). Planned by Dinocrates under the king’s supervision, and built on a neck of land two miles wide interposed between the Mediterranean Sea and Lake Mareotis (Mariut), about 14 miles from the Canopic mouth …

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Abu Mina

ABU MINA A most significant pilgrimage center of the Late Antique period. It is located about 45 kilometers southwest of Alexandria near Lake Mareotis, where the tomb of St. Menas was venerated from the fourth century onward. According to a tradition, St. Menas was an Egyptian recruit in the Roman army who was martyred because …

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Simon I

SIMON I A saint and forty-second patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (689-701). His nomination came at a difficult time. His predecessor, ISAAC, had died in the midst of the fury arising from his meddling in the conflict between Ethiopia and Nubia without consulting the Umayyad governor of Egypt, ‘Abd al-‘Aziz ibn Marwan. In …

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Cyril VI

CYRIL VI The 116th patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1959-1971). He was born ‘Azir Yusuf ‘Ata in 1902 at Tukh al-Nasara, in the Minufiyyah Province, to a devout family who later moved to Alexandria, where he completed his education. At the age of twenty-five, he retreated to al-Baramus Monastery (DAYR AL-BARAMUS), where he …

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kha’il I

KHA’IL I The forty-sixth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (744-767). Kha’il, or Michael, was a simple monk and presbyter of the Monastery of Saint Macarius (DAYR ANBA MAQAR) in WADI AL-NATRUN. When THEODORUS, his predecessor, died, the congregating bishops together with the clergy of Alexandria and the archons of the Coptic community selected …

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