Manfalut

Asyut

ASYUT A city on the west bank of the Nile in middle Egypt. The Greeks called the city lÚkwn pÒlij, Lúkon pólis (Lycopolis, “wolf city”) because of the citizens’ reverence for Wepwawet, the wolf god. Asyut, the city’s modern Arabic name, is derived from the Coptic cioout. Lycopolis, home of a Christian community since at …

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Bani Kalb

BANI KALB A village, today called Bani Majda, situated on the left bank of the Nile 3 miles (5 km) west of Manfalut (north of ASYUT). Al-Maqrizi (1853, Vol. 2, p. 506; 1845, pp. 42 [text], 101 [trans.]) mentioned a monastery there, uninhabited in his time (fifteenth century) but serving as a church for the …

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Dayr Al-Jawli

DAYR AL-JAWLI The village of al-Jawli is to the south of Manfalut. To the south of the village, then called al-Jawiliyyah, al- MAQRIZI (1853, Vol. 2, p. 506) situated a monastery dedicated to Saint Mercurius. J. VANSLEB also knew it but reduced it to a church (1677, p. 361; 1678, p. 217). S. Clarke noted …

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Haragli, Jean (1776-1815)

HARAGLI, JEAN (1776-1815) A Copt who became an officer in Napoleon’s armies. Haragli was born 15 May 1776 at Manfalut, Upper Egypt, the son of Ghubriyal Haragli and Malakiyet. He obtained a fair education from the town priest, who nominated him as deacon of his church and continued to instruct him in the Coptic language, …

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Peter VII

PETER VII The 109th patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1809-1852). He was born at al-Jawli, a small town near Manfalut in the province of Asyut, hence his cognomen al-Jawli. He entered Saint Antony’s monastery (DAYR ANBA ANTUNIYUS) at an early age, and was later selected to become the metropolitan in Ethiopia. For some …

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Pilgrimages

PILGRIMAGES There are more than sixty centers of Coptic pilgrimage in Egypt, of which the main ones are those of the Virgin Mary at Musturud, Saint Menas at Maryut, Saint George (Mar Jirjis) of Mit Damsis, Sitt Dimyanah near Bilqas, and Anba Shinudah at Dayr al-Abyad, near Suhaj. For the Copts, pilgrimage is a religious …

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Marqos III (D. C. 1648)

MARQOS III (d. c. 1648) Marqos was the first metropolitan to arrive in Ethiopia after the abdication of Negus Susenyos and the subsequent restoration in Ethiopia of the faith of the church of Alexandria; thus he is to be considered the immediate successor of Abuna Semon, despite the hiatus separating his episcopate from that of …

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