Lord

amen

amen int. Hebrew (ah-MEN) Literally, “so be it.” The word said in unison by a congregation in response to a prayer to signify solemn agreement. According to the Talmud, “amen” is an acrostic of the three Hebrew words El Melekh Ne’eman (The Lord is a trustworthy King). It is sometimes pronounced awe-MAIN. int. interjection Eisenberg, …

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Adon Olam

Adon Olam n. Hebrew (ah-DOAN oh-LAM) Literally, “Lord of the world” or “eternal Lord.” One of the songs traditionally sung to end Shabbat and holiday morning services. Sung by the entire congregation together in Hebrew, the words to “Adon Olam” date from the Middle Ages. The hymn praises eternal God, “who rules everything and will …

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Adonai

Adonai n. Hebrew (ah-doe-NYE) Literally, “my Lord.” Another name for God, and the one used most often in prayers. Because God’s name is so sacred, it is not spoken as it is written. The Hebrew letters (yud, hay, vav, and hay) that spell the name are read only as Adonai. See also Adoshem, ha-Shem, and …

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ANOINTING

ANOINTING Anointing was used in antiquity in three chief connexions: (1) as a part of the toilet, to beautify, strengthen, and refresh the body; (2) medicinally; (3) as a part of religious ceremonial. From the last-named sprang (4) the use of terms of anointing in a metaphorical sense to signify, e.g., the imparting of the …

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ANGER

ANGER Human anger.—Except by the stoical mind which finds no place for strong emotion in a moral scheme, anger has been recognized as a quality which, under certain conditions and within certain limits, may not only be permissible but commendable. Its ready abuse has, however, led to its being commonly placed among the evils of …

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ANGELS

ANGELS The scope of this article.—The passages in the apostolic writings in which angels are mentioned or referred to will be examined; some of them are ambiguous and have been interpreted in various ways. The doctrine of the OT and of the apocryphal period on the subject has been so fully dealt with in HDB …

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