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Dayr Al-Arman

DAYR AL-ARMAN The fifteenth-century Muslim historian al- Maqrizi said that at the time the conqueror ‘Amr ibn al-‘As arrived in Egypt in 641, there were a hundred monasteries in Wadi al- Natrun. He named some that were destroyed in his time, among them the Monastery of the Armenians, or Dayr al-Arman. For his part, MAWHUB …

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Patriarch Gabriel III

PATRIARCH GABRIEL III The life of the monk and priest Ghubriyāl, who eventually became Coptic patriarch Gabriel III (usually counted as the 77th patriarch, 1268–1271), bears witness to both the flourishing of literary and scientific activity as well as to the turbulence of ecclesiastical and social affairs that characterize Coptic Orthodox history in the middle decades …

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Coptic Media Online

COPTIC MEDIA ONLINE Introduction Copts have historically sustained a strong presence across all forms of media in Egypt. The Coptic Church and individual Coptic intellectuals were crucial actors in the development of the publishing industry in Egypt in the latter half of the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century when the …

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Jesus Prayer

JESUS PRAYER The Jesus Prayer is a supplication of penance, known today by its modern prayer formula “Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner.” Both the practice and the wording of the Jesus Prayer are deeply rooted in biblical spirituality. The Jesus Prayer is recited repeatedly in penitential contemplation, following …

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Dayr Al-Dik

DAYR AL-DIK [This monastery, now in ruins, is situated on the right bank of the Nile, a good hour’s walk to the north of ANTINOOPOLIS. There were also on the edge of the river some cells fitted up with a church in caves in the cliffs that overhang the river.] History The monastery of Dayr …

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Bashmuric

BASHMURIC The history of the Bashmuric dialect is in large measure that of a “phantom dialect.” Coptic Egypt had many more dialects than modern science has been able to identify from the texts discovered; but some of these never reached the literary stage. Others did (perhaps poorly enough), but none of their witnesses has been …

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