The History of Christianity in Egypt

The History of Christianity in Egypt THE TERM COPT COMES DIRECTLY FROM THE ARABIC QBT, which appears to derive from the Greek aigyptos (Egypt) / aigyptioi (Egyptians), a phonetic corruption of the ancient Egyptian word Hikaptah, one of the names of Memphis. Initially the word described a non-Arabic-speaking non-Muslim. By implication, a Copt was also […]

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The Jesuits’ Holy Family Church (FAGGALA)

The Jesuits’ Holy Family Church (FAGGALA) JLHE CHURCH IS SITUATED ON BUSTAN AL-MAQS STREET in Faggala near the Cairo railway station. In 1879 Pope Leo XIII ordered the Jesuit Fathers to establish a seminary to serve the Coptic Catholic community in Egypt. They founded it in Bughos Palace at Muski. In 1881 the French Jesuit […]

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Theology And Liturgy Bibliography

THEOLOGY AND LITURGY BIBLIOGRAPHY Abdallah, Alfonso. L’ordinamento Liturgico di Gabriele V-88 Patriarca Copto. Cairo: Ain Shams Press, 1962. ‘Abd al-Masih Salib al-Mas‘udi. Al-Khuulaji al-Muqaddas. Cairo: n.p., 1902. Alcock, Antony. The Life of Saint Samuel of Kalamun by Isaac the Presbyter. London: Aris & Philips, 1983. Allen, Pauline, and C. Datema. “Leontius presbyter of Constantinople.” Byzantina […]

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Communicatio Idiomatum (Interchange Of Properties)

COMMUNICATIO IDIOMATUM (interchange of properties) A term applied to the person of Christ by those in the early church who believed that although the human and divine natures remained separate, the attributes of the one could be applied to the other. Thus the divine Word could be described as dying on the cross and the […]

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Coptic Catholic Church

COPTIC CATHOLIC CHURCH A distinct Eastern church in communion with Rome. Its patriarchate is in Alexandria. Pope Leo XII of Rome (1823-1829) was falsely led to believe that the viceroy of Egypt, MUHAMMAD ‘ALI, wished the establishment of the Coptic Catholic patriarchate for all Copts and the appointment of the vicar apostolic Maximos Guaid (Zuwayd) […]

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Theology In The Coptic Church

THEOLOGY IN THE COPTIC CHURCH It is hard to talk about a specifically Coptic theology, for the Coptic Church is part of the Eastern Christian Church. Thus, in order to define the development of Coptic theological thought, it is important to put it in the context of the historical development of the Coptic Church. Nothing […]

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Icon

ICON The word icon derives from the Greek eikon, meaning “image,” “portrait,” or “likeness.” Generally, Coptic icons are made of panels of wood painted mostly in tempera. Encaustic (hot wax) was also used, and the panels may be covered with a layer of gesso. The greater majority of Coptic icons represent portraits such as images […]

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Nature Of Christ

NATURE OF CHRIST Christian churches are split into two groups regarding the union of the divine and human nature in Jesus Christ. The non-Chalcedonian, including the Coptic, Syrian, Armenian, Ethiopian, and Indian Orthodox churches, reject the decisions of the Council of CHALCEDON (A.D. 451); the Chalcedonian churches, including the Roman Catholic, Greek, and Protestant churches, […]

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Second Council Of Constantinople

SECOND COUNCIL OF CONSTANTINOPLE Known as the fifth general council and convoked by Emperor Justinian I in May 553. It was presided over by Patriarch Eutychius of Constantinople, and attended by 165 bishops, nearly all from the eastern and Greek-speaking provinces of Justinian’s empire. The main object of the council was to modify (without appearing […]

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Third Council Of Ephesus (476)

THIRD COUNCIL OF EPHESUS (476) After the death of Emperor Leo I (457-474), his two successors, Basilicus the Usurper (474-475) and Zeno (474-475, 476-491), intervened in the conflict between the supporters and the opponents of the Council of Chalcedon. In 468, an anti-Chalcedonian delegation of Egyptian monks and clergy sought to recall Timothy Aelurus, Bishop […]

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