Lazarus

Coptic Textiles

COPTIC TEXTILES [Throughout their long history, Egyptians have practiced the art of weaving. The Coptic period has yielded enormous numbers of textiles displayed in many museums and private collections all over the world. These textiles have come mainly from archaeological excavations of burial grounds and akwam (mounds containing antique objects). The pieces attest a variety …

Coptic Textiles Read More »

Copto-Arabic Synaxarion

COPTO-ARABIC SYNAXARION A list of saints used in the Coptic church Editions of the Synaxarion This book, which has become a liturgical book, is very important for the history of the Coptic church. It appears in two forms: the recension from Lower Egypt, which is the quasi-official book of the Coptic church from Alexandria to …

Copto-Arabic Synaxarion Read More »

Anointing

ANOINTING The application or pouring of oil on a person or an object as a sacred rite, practiced from time immemorial by various peoples and in several religions. It is known in Arabic as mash. Judaism Anointing was common for both religious and mundane purposes, to consecrate certain persons or set particular things apart as …

Anointing Read More »

Daniel And Moses

DANIEL AND MOSES Two hermits whose lives have come down to us in two versions of the Sahidic recension of the Copto- Arabic Synaxarion. One is a completed manuscript for the first half of the year, preserved at Luxor, the other a fragment of the same Synaxarion consisting of four leaves (Troupeau, 1974, Vol. 2, …

Daniel And Moses Read More »

Sunday of Thomas

Sunday of Thomas The feast of Thomas falls on the first Sunday after the Resurrection. Thomas was one of the twelve disciples chosen by Christ (Mt. 10:3; Mk. 3:18; Lk. 6:15; Jn. 11:16). In Saint John’s Gospel, he is always referred to as Didymus (Aramaic, twin). When Jesus Christ appeared to the disciples after His …

Sunday of Thomas Read More »

Feasts, Minor

FEASTS, MINOR There are seven minor feasts celebrated by the Coptic church. Feast of Circumcision This feast occurs on 6 Tubah. The practice of circumcision started with Abraham, in fulfillment of God’s covenant (Gn. 17:9-14), by which every male child should be circumcised on the eighth day after his birth. According to the New Testament, …

Feasts, Minor Read More »

Painting, Coptic Mural

PAINTING, COPTIC MURAL This article discusses painting on the walls of houses, Roman camps, tombs and funerary chapels, monasteries, and churches in Egypt from the third century to the thirteenth. For painting on panels see ICONS; PORTRAITURE. The mural painting had a long tradition in the pharaonic period. It continued in the Coptic period, generally …

Painting, Coptic Mural Read More »

Mummification

MUMMIFICATION There is evidence for mummification in Egypt from the beginning of historical times. Herodotus and Diodorus report on the different ways of mummifying. The practice arose from the idea that preservation of bodily integrity is the presupposition for life after death. This idea is evidently also the reason for statements in martyr legends of …

Mummification Read More »

Evodius Of Rome

EVODIUS OF ROME The “successor of Peter at Rome” and author of three homilies of special interest transmitted in Coptic. De This is a homily directed primarily against the Jews, who, according to the author, must bear the guilt of the murder of Christ. It begins with praise for Roman justice, law, and order, stating …

Evodius Of Rome Read More »