L. T. Lefort

Dayr Anba Bidaba

DAYR ANBA BIDABA A monastery-village 1.25 miles (2 km) west of Nag Hammadi and south of Bahjurah. It is mentioned in the recension of the Coptic SYNAXARION from Upper Egypt at 13 Kiyahk, the feast day of the saint, who was bishop of the town of QUS (cf. Coquin, 1978, p. 361). T. Lefort believed …

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Papyrus Collections

PAPYRUS COLLECTIONS Since the seventeenth-century scholars and travelers to Egypt have brought manuscripts to Europe. The papyri, whether they came to light in spectacular finds or as individual discoveries, whether they were uncovered in scientific excavations or through the diggings of thieves, went into papyrus collections, either directly or through dealers (see PAPYRUS DISCOVERIES). Not …

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Mark II, Saint

MARK II, SAINT A forty-ninth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (799-819) (feast day: 22 Baramudah). He was an important patriarch, a fascinating individual, a master preacher, and an eminent Coptic writer. Mark’s life was closely associated with that of his predecessor, JOHN IV. As a deacon in Alexandria, he became John’s disciple and …

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Monasticism, Pachomian

MONASTICISM, PACHOMIAN The word koinonia (community) is at the heart of the cenobitic form of monasticism developed by Saint PACHOMIUS in the fourth century. In Coptic as well as in Greek, it became, at a very early stage, the technical term to designate what L. T. Lefort called the Pachomian Congregation, that is, the large …

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Saint Pachomius (292-346)

SAINT PACHOMIUS (292-346) founder of cenobitic monasticism (feast day: 14 Bashans). He was born of pagan parents in Upper Egypt. His first contact with Christianity occurred in 312, when he was a conscript in the Roman army. As a soldier, he experienced great acts of charity from a local community of Christians whose members brought …

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Akhmim

AKHMIM A city on the right bank of the Nile, about 250 miles (467 km) south of Cairo. In Byzantine times Akhmim was known as Panopolis. It remains today the chief town of the province of Suhaj. Akhmim is the name of pharaonic times (Chemmis) clothed in Arabic. Monasteries Pachomian Establishments The Greek and Coptic …

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