Kirwan

Beja Tribes

BEJA TRIBES The nomadic and warlike Beja tribes have occupied the Red Sea hills of Egypt and Sudan since very early times. In pharaonic days, the tribes were known as the Medjay and were already regarded as a menace by the settled populations in the Nile Valley. One of the Egyptian frontier fortresses built in …

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Alwa , Or Alodia

ALWA , or Alodia The most southerly of the Christian kingdoms of medieval Nubia. Its territorial extent is unknown but was apparently considerable. According to IBN SALIM AL-ASWANI, it was larger than the neighboring kingdom of MAKOURIA. The frontier between Makouria and ‘Alwa was at AL-ABWAB (the gates), which was evidently somewhere between the Fourth …

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Noba

NOBA In medieval Arabic texts the name Nubah usually designates all of the Nubian-speaking inhabitants of the Nile Valley (see NUBIANS). In classical texts, where the name appears as Noba or Nubae, it refers more specifically to a Nubian-speaking tribe or tribes who occupied the area west of the Nile in the general vicinity of …

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Nobatia

NOBATIA The name given in medieval times to the most northerly part of Nubia, immediately south of Egypt. Its territory is believed to have extended from about the First to the Third Cataract of the Nile, though there is some doubt about the location of the southern frontier. The region took its name from the …

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