KHA’IL III

Cheirotonia

CHEIROTONIA The practice of simony. The biblical passage cited by the Coptic jurists condemning the practice of the cheirotonia or simony is recorded by Saint Luke in the Acts of the Apostles 8:14-25. As the early church moved from its sectarian structure to an all-inclusive national cult, members of the hierarchy faced new problems concerning …

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Kha’il III

KHA’IL III The fifty-sixth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (880-907). Kha’il succeeded SHENUTE I shortly after his death. Little is known about his life before or after he took the monastic vow except that he was a man of virtue and that he was penalized by one of his bishops, the occupant of …

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Macarius I

MACARIUS I The fifty-ninth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (932-952),(feast day: 24 Baramhat). Macarius, who is cited in the HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS as Anba Maqarah, was a native of a village called Shubra near Alexandria. He became a monk of Dayr Anba Maqar. Nothing is known about his life beyond his selection …

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Copto-Arabic Literature

COPTO-ARABIC LITERATURE Coptic literature per se, a subject treated elsewhere, is confined to the writings in the Coptic language during the early centuries of medieval Egyptian history when that language was the spoken language of the people as well as their only written instrument. After the ARAB CONQUEST OF EGYPT in the seventh century, the …

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Copto-Arabic Synaxarion

COPTO-ARABIC SYNAXARION A list of saints used in the Coptic church Editions of the Synaxarion This book, which has become a liturgical book, is very important for the history of the Coptic church. It appears in two forms: the recension from Lower Egypt, which is the quasi-official book of the Coptic church from Alexandria to …

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Burah

BURAH The older name of the town now known as Kafr al-Battikh, in the Gharbiyyah province. The town is located in the northeast part of the Delta on the west bank of the Nile arm about five miles west of Damietta. The earliest mention of Christianity in Burah is found in the writings of Eutychius, …

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Patriarchal Residences

PATRIARCHAL RESIDENCES From the time of Saint MARK, the first patriarch of the Egyptian church, the Coptic patriarchs resided at Alexandria, the cradle of Egyptian Christianity. This was the first patriarchal seat in Egypt, but there were also others, depending on historical circumstances. Eutychius (877-940), Melchite patriarch of Alexandria, in his masterwork, the Annales (PG …

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Dinushar

DINUSHAR A town located in the middle of the Delta about 3.5 miles (5.5 km) southwest of al-Mahallah al-Kubra in the Gharbiyyah province. The HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS speaks in two different places about the building of a church to the martyr Ptolemaus in Dinushar. The account of the life of the patriarch COSMAS II …

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