Kamil Salih

Dayr Anba Antuniyus

DAYR ANBA ANTUNIYUS دير أنبا أنطونيوس History The Monastery of Saint Antony is situated 30 miles (45 km) southwest of the Red Sea lighthouse of Ras Za’faranah (100 miles, or 290 km, from Cairo via Suez) at the foot of the south end of the Jalalah mountain range. After the death of Saint ANTONY, a …

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Peter VII

PETER VII The 109th patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1809-1852). He was born at al-Jawli, a small town near Manfalut in the province of Asyut, hence his cognomen al-Jawli. He entered Saint Antony’s monastery (DAYR ANBA ANTUNIYUS) at an early age, and was later selected to become the metropolitan in Ethiopia. For some …

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Pilgrimages

PILGRIMAGES There are more than sixty centers of Coptic pilgrimage in Egypt, of which the main ones are those of the Virgin Mary at Musturud, Saint Menas at Maryut, Saint George (Mar Jirjis) of Mit Damsis, Sitt Dimyanah near Bilqas, and Anba Shinudah at Dayr al-Abyad, near Suhaj. For the Copts, pilgrimage is a religious …

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Gabriel V

GABRIEL V The eighty-eighth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1409-1427). Born probably in the province of GIZA, south of Cairo, Gabriel became a government functionary charged with collecting taxes. At an unknown age, he abandoned his official responsibilities in his province in order to become a monk. He entered the monastery of Anba …

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Gabriel VI

GABRIEL VI The ninety-first patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1466-1475).Gabriel was born at al-‘Arabah al-Madfunah and consequently was called al-‘Arabawi. He was surnamed Ibn Qatta‘ al-‘Usfur. He became a monk in the DAYR ANBA ANTUNIYUS and later was its superior. After MATTHEW II died Gabriel was chosen to be the pope of Alexandria …

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Fakhr Al-Dawlah Ab Al-Mufaddal Ibn Al-‘Assal (B. C. 1170)

FAKHR AL-DAWLAH AB AL-MUFADDAL IBN AL-‘ASSAL (b. c. 1170) The father of the Coptic writers of the beginning of the thirteenth century. He is known as Awlad al-‘Assal. His honorific title Fakhr al-Dawlah (pride of the state) indicates his social importance. He came from a rich Coptic family in Cairo that distinguished itself in the service …

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Patriarchal Residences

PATRIARCHAL RESIDENCES From the time of Saint MARK, the first patriarch of the Egyptian church, the Coptic patriarchs resided at Alexandria, the cradle of Egyptian Christianity. This was the first patriarchal seat in Egypt, but there were also others, depending on historical circumstances. Eutychius (877-940), Melchite patriarch of Alexandria, in his masterwork, the Annales (PG …

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Mark VII

MARK VII The 106th patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1745-1769). His original name was Sam‘an, and he was a native of the village of Qulusana in the district of Samalut in Upper Egypt. As a youth, he retired to DAYR ANBA BULA in the Eastern Desert, where he took the monastic vow and …

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Mark, Saint

MARK, SAINT One of the Twelve Apostles of Christ, traditionally regarded as the author of the Gospel of Mark and the first patriarch of the Coptic church (feast day: 30 Baramudah). The meager historical sources on Saint Mark’s life have given rise to conflicting accounts about his personality and even about his Gospel. Whereas liberal …

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