Julius of Aqfahs

Coptic Hagiography

COPTIC HAGIOGRAPHY Egypt was influenced by the Greek culture, hence many of the hagiographical texts were written first in this language and translated later into Coptic. It is important to use the classical hagiographical tools such as Bibliotheca Hagiographica Orientalis and the Bibliotheca Sanctorum (16 vols., Rome 1965-1976), in addition to the bibliography in each …

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Saint Camoul, Or Chamoul

SAINT CAMOUL, or Chamoul A martyr under DIOCLETIAN (feast day: 16 Bashans). Lacking a first part, the text of his Passion has survived in fragments from only one Sahidic codex (British Library, London, Pap. V, ed. Winstedt, 1910, pp. 169ff.). The action opens with Camoul in prison under the governor Pompeius. He has obviously been …

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Saint Ari Or Uri

SAINT ARI or Uri A priest of Shatanuf who was martyred under Diocletian (feastday: 9 Misrah). The text of his Passion has survived in only one Bohairic codex (Vatican Library, 61f., 69-89, ed. Hyvernat, 1886-1887). It begins with mention of the edict of Diocletian, brought by a dispatch bearer to the dux Armenius in Alexandria …

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Aqfahs

AQFAHS A village to the southwest of the markaz (district) of al-Fashn on the left bank of the Nile about 25 miles (40 km) south of Bani Suef, celebrated as the birthplace of Julius of Aqfahs, biographer of the martyrs and himself a martyr (see MARTYRS, COPTIC). E. Amélineau (1893, pp. 56-58) fully established the …

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Saint Shenufe

SAINT SHENUFE A fourth-century martyr under DIOCLETIAN, (feast day: 7 Babah). His Passion has survived complete in a codex (Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, M 583, fols. 103-138; ed. Reymond and Barns, 1973, pp. 83-127) and in fragments of another codex (Coptic Museum, Cairo, Sottas, 1919). At the beginning of the text there is an …

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John And Symeon

JOHN AND SYMEON Fourth-century martyrs in Egypt. They are the subject of the Passion of John and Symeon, a Coptic work that survives in only one Bohairic manuscript of the ninth century (Hyvernat, 1886-1887, pp. 174-201). The Passion belongs to the late literary pattern defined by T. Baumeister as “koptischer Konsens,” the repetitive treatment of …

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Atrib

ATRIB One of the best known cities in the Nile Delta in the Greco- Roman and Christian periods. It is mentioned often in classical authors and papyri (cf. Pietschmann, 1896, cols. 2070-71) as well as in Coptic and Arabic-Christian literature. The ruins of the city, which in Greek was called ‘Aqr…bij and in Coptic ayl/be …

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Copto-Arabic Synaxarion

COPTO-ARABIC SYNAXARION A list of saints used in the Coptic church Editions of the Synaxarion This book, which has become a liturgical book, is very important for the history of the Coptic church. It appears in two forms: the recension from Lower Egypt, which is the quasi-official book of the Coptic church from Alexandria to …

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Saint Anub

SAINT ANUB A martyr under Diocletion (feast day: 24 Abib). His Passion has come down in only one Bohairic manuscript (Rome, Vatican Library, Copto 66, fols. 233-68; Balestri and Hyvernat, 1908, Vol. I, pp. 200-241). The text opens with the usual situation, in which Diocletian sends out an edict to the whole empire ordering sacrifices …

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Heraclides, Saint

HERACLIDES, SAINT A martyr in fourth-century Egypt Heraclides is known only from the fragmentary text of a Sahidic Passion and fragments of a codex from DAYR ANBA SHINUDAH (the White Monastery). (For a complete list, see Till, 1935, pp. 33ff.; and Von Lemm, 1913, no. 4.) He is not mentioned in the Copto- Arabic SYNAXARION, …

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