John of Damascus

Julian Gaianus

JULIAN GAIANUS A Bishop. The controversy within the anti-Chalcedonian parties between Julian of Halicarnasus and Severus of Antioch led to the choice of two episcopal candidates after the death of the Patriarch Timothy of Alexandria (517-535): Theodosius (for the Severian party) and Gaianus (for the Julianist party). Although Theodosius received the most number of votes, …

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Timothy II Aelurus

TIMOTHY II AELURUS The twenty-sixth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (457-477). Along with Philoxenus of Mabbug and SEVERUS OF ANTIOCH, Timothy was the preeminent champion of MONOPHYSITISM. He adhered to CYRIL’S well-known formula “one incarnate nature of the divine Logos” and took up DIOSCORUS’ cause when the latter was deposed at CHALCEDON. Consecrated …

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Poetry

POETRY Coptic poetry is essentially religious poetry. Its setting is the life of the Coptic church. Poetry enriches Coptic liturgy and plays a part in religious festivals, edifying, teaching, and exhorting the people. The poetry preserved for us in the manuscripts of the ninth and tenth centuries has been studied with great thoroughness. Its form …

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Eucharist

EUCHARIST One of seven sacraments in the Coptic church. Although all sacraments contain and impart grace, the Eucharist carries the most sublime grace of all. In BAPTISM, for example, water remains water, as does the holy chrism in confirmation, the visible element of the sacrament thus undergoing no change. In the Eucharist, however, the bread …

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Agnoetae

AGNOETAE A name was given to those who attributed either ignorance (agnoia) to Christ relating to subjects such as the timing of the Day of Judgment (cf. Mk. 13:32) or, alternatively, a gradual ascension to knowledge and wisdom (cf. Lk. 2:52). In Alexandria, the issue grew out of the controversy between SEVERUS OF ANTIOCH and …

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