Jews

The names of Jesus

The names of Jesus But He was more than a man. Consider of the implications of the titles Paul uses of Him. He uses ‘Christ’ often; to all intents and purposes it is for him a proper name (just as it is for us). Probably this is because his letters are written to Gentiles for …

The names of Jesus Read More »

Ashkenazim

Ashkenazim pl. n. Hebrew (osh-keh-NAH-zeem) The name given to the group of Jews who were originally from Germany and France (and their descendants). The word Ashkenaz is the Hebrew name for Germany. The Ashkenazim migrated to Central and Eastern Europe during times of oppression. In pre-World War II Europe, Ashkenazim comprised 90 percent of world …

Ashkenazim Read More »

Asarah be-Tevet

Asarah be-Tevet n. Hebrew (ah-sah-RAH bih-teh-VET) A minor fast day that falls on the 10th of Tevet. It commemorates the start of the siege of Jerusalem by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia in 586 b.c.e, which is considered the beginning of the destruction of the First Temple. On minor fast days, fasting begins at dawn and …

Asarah be-Tevet Read More »

Ark of the Covenant

Ark of the Covenant n. English According to Exodus, the ancient chest built by Moses at God’s command to house the stone tablets inscribed with the Ten Commandments. According to legend, it was a gold box with two large angels on it. After King Solomon built the Temple in Jerusalem, the Ark of the Covenant …

Ark of the Covenant Read More »

apostate

apostate n. English (ah-POS-tate) A Jew who rejects Judaism for another faith. Jews distinguish apostates from those who were forced to convert. See anusim. Old-fashioned usage. noun Eisenberg, J., Scolnic, E., & Jewish Publication Society. (2001). The JPS dictionary of Jewish words. Over 1000 entries for Jewish holidays and life-cycle events, culture, history, the Bible …

apostate Read More »

anusim

anusim pl. n. Hebrew (ah-noo-SEEM) Literally, “compelled ones.” The historical term for Jews who were forced to convert to another religion. The anusim often tried secretly to preserve their Jewish customs and teach them to their children. Perhaps the most famous anusim are the Spanish and Portuguese Jews who were compelled to convert to Christianity …

anusim Read More »

anti-Semitism

anti-Semitism n. English Prejudice or discrimination against Jews and the Jewish people. This term dates from the 19th century, although anti-Semitism can be traced back to ancient times. adj. anti-Semitic. noun adj. adjective Eisenberg, J., Scolnic, E., & Jewish Publication Society. (2001). The JPS dictionary of Jewish words. Over 1000 entries for Jewish holidays and …

anti-Semitism Read More »

Antiochus IV, King

Antiochus IV, King (an-TIE-ah-cuss) A Syrian king who ruled Judea and ancient Israel from 175 to 163 b.c.e In his efforts to wipe out Judaism, Antiochus demanded intense Hellenization and forbade many Jewish practices, including circumcision and Sabbath observance. He desecrated the Temple in Jerusalem with animal sacrifices and statues of Greek gods. The Maccabees’ …

Antiochus IV, King Read More »

Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith (ADL)

Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith (ADL) n. English Established in 1913, this division of B’nai B’rith works to combat hate, racism, and anti-Semitism. The ADL fights instances of discrimination against Jews and defends the civil, religious, and educational rights of all citizens. The ADL also works to expose hate groups and racist organizations, such as …

Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith (ADL) Read More »

aninut

aninut n. Hebrew (ah-nee-NOOT) The period of time from the moment of death until burial. Since it is traditional for Jews to be buried within a few days of death, this period lasts for only a few days at most. Because the family’s focus is on caring for the deceased and preparing for the burial, …

aninut Read More »