J. M. Vansleb

Spoken Coptic Language

SPOKEN COPTIC LANGUAGE Coptic was the spoken language of ancient Egypt until the ARAB CONQUEST OF EGYPT in the seventh century. It was recorded first in the hieroglyphic (sacred) script, the earliest form of Egyptian pictorial writing, and succeeded by the hieratic (priestly), which was the simplified running script, and the demotic (from “demos,” meaning …

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Dayr Al-Fakhuri

DAYR AL-FAKHURI History The “Monastery of the Potter” (it is not known whence this appellation comes) is situated on the edge of the desert, about 6 miles (9 km) north of Isna, near the ancient Asphynis (present-day Asfun al-Mata‘nah). The monastery also bears the name of “Matthew the Poor.” This personage, whose Life survives (or …

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Dayr Al-Muttinh

DAYR AL-NAQLUN or Dayr al-Malak Ghubriyal History By the middle of the third century, Christianity was well established in the oasis of the Fayyum. EUSEBIUS mentioned Bishop Nepos of the Fayyum, who in the first half of the third century was known for his millennial interpretation of the Scriptures. During the Diocletian persecution, Theophilus, Patricia, …

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Dayr Abu Lifah

DAYR ABU LIFAH The ruins of this monastery are situated 1.25 miles (2 km) northwest of Qasr al-Saghah, on the southeastern spur of the Jabal Qatrani mountain chain, approximately 8 miles (13 km) north of Lake Qarun. Among the seven Coptic inscriptions that Henri MUNIER and André Pochan discovered at this monastery, there were two …

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Damanhur Al-Wahsh

DAMANHUR Today, an important town, the capital of the Beheira, the western province of the Delta. The origin of its name has been well established: it is “the city of Horus,” a name that suggests that it was made famous by a temple of Horus in the pharaonic period (see Cerny, 1976, p. 354). In …

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Dayr Anba Antuniyus

DAYR ANBA ANTUNIYUS دير أنبا أنطونيوس History The Monastery of Saint Antony is situated 30 miles (45 km) southwest of the Red Sea lighthouse of Ras Za’faranah (100 miles, or 290 km, from Cairo via Suez) at the foot of the south end of the Jalalah mountain range. After the death of Saint ANTONY, a …

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