J. Doresse

Dayr Anba Hiziqyal

DAYR ANBA HIZIQYAL A monastery in Armant. The name of this monastery is given in two notices of saints by the recension of the SYNAXARION of the Copts from Upper Egypt, which provides an approximate indication of its geographical location. In the summary at 14 Kiyahk concerning one Ezekiel (Hiziqyal), a native of Armant, whose …

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Basil The Great

BASIL THE GREAT The archbishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia (330-379). Basil supported the tradition of ATHANASIUS in continuing the defense of orthodoxy against ARIANISM, particularly in Asia Minor. He was an active theologian, but was able to connect theological work with ascetic practice. Basil’s background and education were Hellenistic. The descendant of a rich and …

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Dayr Al-Matmar

DAYR AL-MATMAR History About 6 miles (9 km) west of Armant, on the stony desert (hajir in Arabic) but at the edge of the cultivated land, is situated a kom (mound) covered with the debris of pottery, fragments of brick, and the like and thus given this name Dayr al-Matmar (the Buried Monastery). It is …

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Dayr Posidonios

DAYR POSIDONIOS The place, which disappeared no doubt at the Arab conquest, situated “in the mountain of Armant” and known through a graffito found near the DAYR AL-BAKHIT (Petrie, 1909, pl. 47), two ostraca (unpublished) from QURNAT MAR‘I, and some inscriptions in the caves of the mountain of Armant. J. Doresse has given this site …

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Anaphora Of Saint Basil

ANAPHORA OF SAINT BASIL Anaphora normally used in the Coptic church, and one of the three retained in Coptic service books when others were abandoned in the Middle Ages. The expression “Anaphora of Saint Basil” is used to designate either (1) that anaphora within its strict limits (from the dialogue introducing the eucharistic prayer to …

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Dayr Anba Abshay

DAYR ANBA ABSHAY A monastery that still exists on the right bank of the Nile at the edge of the desert less than half a mile east of the town of al-Tud. A church was discovered in the course of archaeological excavations in the Ptolemaic temple (Vercoutter, 1952, pp. 83-84; Drioton, 1937). The present monastery …

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Dayr Anba Antuniyus

DAYR ANBA ANTUNIYUS دير أنبا أنطونيوس History The Monastery of Saint Antony is situated 30 miles (45 km) southwest of the Red Sea lighthouse of Ras Za’faranah (100 miles, or 290 km, from Cairo via Suez) at the foot of the south end of the Jalalah mountain range. After the death of Saint ANTONY, a …

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Papyrus Collections

PAPYRUS COLLECTIONS Since the seventeenth-century scholars and travelers to Egypt have brought manuscripts to Europe. The papyri, whether they came to light in spectacular finds or as individual discoveries, whether they were uncovered in scientific excavations or through the diggings of thieves, went into papyrus collections, either directly or through dealers (see PAPYRUS DISCOVERIES). Not …

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