Irenaeus

St. Mary’s Virginity

ST. MARY’S VIRGINITY Aaron’s rod, in fact, is Mary. It is a type of her virginity. She conceived and bore the Son of the Most High, the Word, without human seed. Theotokia[1] of Sunday. Biblical Reality The virginity of St. Mary is not a matter of her own private life, but rather a ‘biblical reality’, …

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Our New Eve

OUR NEW EVE Hail to Mary, the Mother of all the living, we ask you to intercede on our behalf. Theotokia of Tuesday. New Eve: The Church calls St. Mary, “the mother of all the living”, “mother of the New Life” and “the Second Eve”. Eve lost the meaning due to her name:- “mother of …

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Full Of Grace

FULL OF GRACE Mystery of Rejoice: On the Annunciation the angel Gabriel greeted St. Mary with the words: “Hail full of grace, the Lord is within you, blessed are you among women”. It was not an ordinary greeting, i.e., “Good Day”, nor did it mean “peace” or “shalom”, but had the full meaning of “rejoice”. …

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St. Mary & The Church

ST. MARY & THE CHURCH The “Theotokia of Thursday” states: “She offered God the Creator, the Word of the Father, the paste of the human race. He was incarnated of her, without alteration. She brought Him forth as a Child, and He was called Emmanuel”. At the moment of the Annunciation St. Mary used her …

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Apostolic Succession

APOSTOLIC SUCCESSION This term refers to an unbroken chain of the spiritual authority of Church leaders that originated with the Apostles and continues to the present-day patriarch. It was used as an argument against Gnosticism from the second century onward. Hegesippus, in his memoirs against the Gnostics, mentioned for the first time the word diadoche, …

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Basilides

BASILIDES A Christian Gnostic teacher who was active in Alexandria in the 130s and probably before that. He is reported by Irenaeus to have brought his heresy from Antioch to Alexandria. An elaborate cosmogonic myth is attributed to him by Irenaeus, and a rather different one by Hippolytus. Irenaeus also attributes to him a doctrine …

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Carpocrates

CARPOCRATES A Christian Gnostic teacher active in Alexandria in the early second century. His teachings are summarized by Irenaeus and other Church Fathers. According to them, he taught a typical Gnostic cosmogony according to which the world was created and is governed by inferior creator angels. The soul of Jesus was able to escape their …

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Gnosticism In Egypt

GNOSTICISM IN EGYPT The term “Gnosticism” was first coined in the 17th century to refer to an early Christian heresy described by the Church Father Irenaeus of Lyon in his five volumes Against Heresies (ca. 185). Historians of religions use the term to refer to a religion that probably developed around the turn of the …

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Gospel Of Judas

GOSPEL OF JUDAS Its text is extant in only one manuscript, known as Codex Tchacos, an early fourth-century Coptic papyrus manuscript that surfaced in the 1970s. It is reported that the codex was discovered during an illegal search for treasures in a burial cave near the village of Qarrara north of al-Minya in Middle Egypt. …

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