intercessions

Coptic Hagiography

COPTIC HAGIOGRAPHY Egypt was influenced by the Greek culture, hence many of the hagiographical texts were written first in this language and translated later into Coptic. It is important to use the classical hagiographical tools such as Bibliotheca Hagiographica Orientalis and the Bibliotheca Sanctorum (16 vols., Rome 1965-1976), in addition to the bibliography in each …

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Anaphora Of St. Cyril

ANAPHORA OF ST. CYRIL The Anaphora of St. Mark (Cyril) is notable for several features that are peculiar to it among Eastern liturgies, differentiating it from the Syro-Byzantine type. These features suggest that the structure of prayer is of considerable antiquity. These features are as follows: The presence of an offering in the preface. The …

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Liturgy Of The Matins

LITURGY OF THE MATINS The Vespers and the Matins are called the “Offering of Incense” in the Coptic Church. They are very similar. They appeared under one section in the edited Euchologion. They begin with the Prayer of Thanksgiving, followed by a hymn called “The Verses of the Cymbals” (Arba‘ al-Naqus). The priest then prays …

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Tubh

TUBH An Egyptian Arabic term (plural tobhat) meaning “prayer,” from Coptic twbh (Tobh, pray, prayer). It is an ecclesiastical term used in the plural for the litany of intercessions in the midnight psalmody consisting of a listing of saints (Arabic, majma‘ al-qiddisin) and a series of prayers, each beginning with twbh mp[c (tobh amebshays), meaning …

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Church Hierarchy

CHURCH HIERARCHY The collective body of organized ecclesiastical ranks, in successive order, one above another. The pyramidal structure consists of a hierarch, the pope as the head of the church, in subordination to whom are the episcopacy composed of METROPOLITANS, ARCHBISHOPS, and BISHOPS as well as the presbytery of protopriests (see HEGUMENOS), PRIESTS, and MONKS. …

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Liturgy Of Baptism

LITURGY OF BAPTISM The office of holy baptism comprises four sections: (1) absolution of the woman; (2) renunciation of the devil; (3) sanctification of the water of the font; and (4) loosening of the girdle of the baptized. The Absolution of the Woman When a woman has given birth to a male child, at the …

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Consecration Of Altar

CONSECRATION OF ALTAR Anointing a new altar is the culmination of the ceremonial consecration of a new church. The elaborate service, rich in prayers and petitions, is a reflection of the reverence felt toward the holy table, the plaholy table, the place where, at every celebration ce wher, at every celebration of the Divine Liturgy, …

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Anaphora Of Saint Cyril

ANAPHORA OF SAINT CYRIL The most typically Egyptian of the three anaphoras retained in the euchologion of the Coptic church. It is basically the same as the anaphoric part of the Greek Liturgy of Saint Mark that was formerly used in the Melchite church of Alexandria. Although it is regularly called the Anaphora of Saint …

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