Bagham Ibn Baqurah Al-Sawwaf

BAGHAM IBN BAQURAH AL-SAWWAF An eleventh-century Copt from Old Cairo/Babylon and the nephew of Anba Jirja, bishop of Misarah. His father had connections with one of the influential personalities in the court of the Fatimid caliph al-Mustansir (1035-1094). For some time he was contemporary with Pope CHRISTODOULOS (1047-1077). After his conversion to Islam at age …

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Personal Status Law

PERSONAL STATUS LAW The term “personal status” was adopted during the period of Egyptian legal reform in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, to categorize certain laws governing the personal, not property, matters of individuals in accordance with their own respective religions. This concept became an established part of Egyptian legislation. Historical Background The …

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St. Tekle Haimanot


ABUN The highest spiritual leader of the Ethiopian Orthodox church. The term signifies “our father” and is applied to bishops, archbishops, and patriarchs, as well as to saints who were monks. The office of the abun was filled usually by a Coptic monk elected by his brethren in the monasteries of Egypt and was consecrated …

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