Inhabitants

The Cathedral of the Holy Virgin Mary and St. Simeon the Tanner (MUQATTAM)

The Cathedral of the Holy Virgin Mary and St. Simeon the Tanner (MUQATTAM) IN 1969 THE GOVERNOR OF CAIRO issued a decree that ordered all the trash collectors of Cairo to move to one of the Muqattam hills behind the Citadel. There they built themselves primitive houses, simple huts of tin that are called in …

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Alexandria

ALEXANDRIA Founded in 331 b.c. by Alexander the Great at the western end of the Nile Delta. An Egyptian town, Rakote, already existed there on the shore and was a fishermen’s resort. From its very beginning, Alexandria developed rapidly into one of the world’s great cities. The city replaced Memphis as the capital of Egypt …

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Copt

COPT The term “Copt” and the adjective “Coptic” are derived from the Arabic qibt, which in turn is a corruption of the Greek term for the indigenous population of Egypt (Agyptos and Aigyptioi). Initially, after the Arab conquest of Egypt (639-641), the new rulers of the country used the word as a designation for the …

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Coptic Revolts

COPTIC REVOLTS Sources refer to a number of revolts of the Copts against Arab authorities between 693 or 694 and 832. Arab historians have seen these revolts as a reaction to the heavy taxes placed on the Copts and the deterioration of their social status under Muslim rule. The most significant revolts are those of …

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Book Of Canonical Hours

BOOK OF CANONICAL HOURS The first Christians followed the Jewish tradition of praying at fixed times of the day. The prayers for the third, sixth, and ninth hours may have been adopted first in Egypt, where the Jews who converted to Christianity followed the Jewish custom. In the third century, Clement of Alexandria (ca. 150-ca. …

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Anaphora Of St. Basil

ANAPHORA OF ST. BASIL The Anaphora of St. Basil is considered one of three official anaphoras of the Coptic Church. Pope Gabriel ibn Turayk (1131-1145) declared in his canons that only the liturgies of St. Basil, St. Gregory, and St. Cyril are to be used, and he forbade the Christian inhabitants of Upper Egypt from …

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Dayr Al-Banat

DAYR AL-BANAT A women’s convent in the Fayyum. This is a small complex of ruins in a valley on the southern edge of the Fayyum not far from DAYR AL-NAQLUN. The ruins, which can still be seen, lie within an extensive cemetery and point to the presence of an earlier monastic settlement in this place. …

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Dayr Apa Ishaq (Isna)

DAYR APA ISHAQ (Isna) A little to the north of the present DAYR AL-SHUHADA’ (Monastery of the Martyrs) at Isna are some ruins that the inhabitants call the Monastery of Apa Ishaq (Isaac). In the “new” church, which according to the inscriptions dates at least from the end of the twelfth century, an inscription commemorates …

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