Ignatius of Antioch

Eucharist

EUCHARIST This is considered as one of seven sacraments in the Coptic Church. The Coptic Church believes that in the Eucharist, the bread and wine are no longer mere bread and wine but become the true Body and Blood of the Redeemer, Jesus Christ as being the sacrifice of Christ for all humanity. The Eucharist …

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Coptic Hagiography

COPTIC HAGIOGRAPHY Egypt was influenced by the Greek culture, hence many of the hagiographical texts were written first in this language and translated later into Coptic. It is important to use the classical hagiographical tools such as Bibliotheca Hagiographica Orientalis and the Bibliotheca Sanctorum (16 vols., Rome 1965-1976), in addition to the bibliography in each …

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Incarnation

INCARNATION The doctrine of incarnation—that God the Son took flesh and became man—is the central point of Christian theology. It is attested in the New Testament (John 1:14; 1 Tim. 3:16). During the fourth century there was a great debate about the incarnation of Christ, especially after the Arian heresy. The Nicene Creed (325 a.d.) …

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Apostolic See

APOSTOLIC SEE Since the apostolic age, all episcopal seats have been considered equal in honor and rank, as all bishops were “equal legates of Jesus Christ” (Ignatius of Antioch, A.D. 35-107). Saint Cyprian, who presided over the Council of Carthage in 256, stressed the parity of episcopal rank, contending that since all churches were equal …

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Apostolic Fathers

APOSTOLIC FATHERS The designation “apostolic fathers” goes back to J. B. Cotelier, who in 1672 published a two-volume edition of the Sanctorum patrum qui temporibus apostolicis floruerunt. Since then it has been usual to group under the name of Patres apostolici certain early Christian writers who were regarded as disciples of the apostles, still belonging …

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