Copto-Arabic Studies Bibliography

COPTO-ARABIC STUDIES BIBLIOGRAPHY General References (Referred to Below in Abbreviated Fashion) Atiya, Aziz Suryal, ed. The Coptic Encyclopedia, 8 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1991. A standard tool in English. (CE) Gibb, H. A. R. et al., eds. The Encyclopaedia of Islam, new ed., 11 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1954-. Some articles are of importance to Copto-Arabic […]

Read More

Canon Law

CANON LAW Codified law governing a church. The Coptic church has no codex juris canonici, as the Roman church does, but it has remained closer to its sources, which it has grouped in chronological or systematic collections. From the Coptic period, the church of Egypt was concerned with Coptic translation of the sources of church […]

Read More

Maqara (Active Before 1350)

MAQARA (active before 1350) A Monk, canonist. Maqara was a monk of the Monastery of St. John the Little in the Wadi al-Natrun who dedicated great energy to gathering the canons of the Coptic Orthodox Church—as well as materials from other ecclesial communities—into one great Arabic-language compendium. This compendium includes the canonical collections attributed to […]

Read More

Confession And Penitence

CONFESSION AND PENITENCE Confession is actually considered one of the sacraments of the Church, where the priest gives the absolution to the penitent. The Coptic Church believes that Christ gave this authority of loosening and binding to his disciples (Matt. 16:19). After his Resurrection, Christ also sent out his disciples, giving them the authority to […]

Read More

Copto-Arabic Literature

COPTO-ARABIC LITERATURE This entry consists of four parts. The first addresses the origins and development of the Arabic literature of the Copts. This is followed by introductions to three Copto-Arabic literary genres—hagiography, apocalyptic, and popular catechesis—for which texts are usually of anonymous authorship, and therefore unlikely to be otherwise addressed in a dictionary arranged largely […]

Read More

Yuhanna, Bishop Of Samannud (?-After 1257)

YUHANNA, BISHOP OF SAMANNUD (?-after 1257) A Bishop, scholar of Coptic. Yuhanna, who was consecrated Bishop of Samannud by Patriarch Cyril III ibn Laqlaq in 1235, is one of the pioneers of the scientific study of the Coptic language. He wrote a Bohairic-Arabic lexicon known as al-Sullam al-kana’isi (The Ecclesiastical Ladder), consisting of a list […]

Read More

Yusab, Bishop Of Fuwwah (?-Before 1271)

YUSAB, BISHOP OF FUWWAH (?-before 1271) A Bishop, historian. Yusab, consecrated Bishop of Fuwwah in the western Delta by Patriarch Cyril III ibn Laqlaq sometime between 1237 and 1239, was a scholarly and active monk and church leader who was much involved in the ecclesiastical struggles of his day. He served, for example, as secretary […]

Read More

History Of The Patriarchs

HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS Major source for Coptic Church history. The History of the Patriarchs is the principal source for the history of the Coptic Orthodox Church during the first six centuries of Islamic rule. The work came into existence toward the end of the 11th century through the labor of a team led by […]

Read More

Sinjar

SINJAR An important Christian center and episcopal see in Lower Egypt, especially from the eleventh to the thirteenth century. Sinjar is mentioned in the Coptic SYNAXARION, under 4 Misra, as the place where David and his brothers suffered martyrdom during the DIOCLETIAN persecution. By the eighth century, Sinjar had become an episcopal see. At the […]

Read More

Al-Thiqa Ibn Al-Duhayri (?-After 1267)

AL-THIQA IBN AL-DUHAYRI (?-after 1267) A Scholar of Coptic. Whether or not al-Thiqa ibn al-Duhayri is the Ibn al-Duhayri who was consecrated Metropolitan of Damietta with the name Christodoulos by Patriarch Cyril III ibn Laqlaq, he is remembered as a scholar who wrote a highly regarded Bohairic grammar, Muqaddimat al-Duhayri. Al-Thiqa sought to improve on […]

Read More