homoousios

Homoeans

HOMOEANS In the controversy between Athanasius and the Arians, a group tried to find a middle solution. Instead of homoousios (from the same substance), which occurred more than 25 times in the Apology against Apollinarius, this group under Acacius of Caesarea preferred the term homeousios, or “like God.” They played an important role in the …

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Nicene Creed

NICENE CREED This Creed was formulated at the Council of Nicaea (325 a.d.). It was inspired by the Syro-Palestinian and Eusebius’ creeds. It mentioned for the first time the word homoousios, meaning “the same substance.” This term was condemned during the crisis of Paul of Samosata, but Alexander of Alexandria and Athanasius gave the true …

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Ulphilas (C. 311-381)

ULPHILAS (c. 311-381) The Apostle of the Goths, who was responsible for the conversion of the Goths to Arian Christianity (see ARIANISM). According to the ecclesiastical historian Philostorgius (Historia ecclesiastica 2.5), the Goths descended on the eastern provinces of the empire and crossed the Bosporus to Asia Minor and Cappadocia in the third century, during …

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Alexandrian Theology

ALEXANDRIAN THEOLOGY When Saint Mark introduced Christianity into Egypt, the city of Alexandria was already a great center of learning where Hellenistic thought thrived side by side with Hebrew teachings. The most eloquent exponent of philosophy of the time was PHILO OF ALEXANDRIA (20 B.C.-A.D. 50), who sought to fuse and harmonize Greek thought and …

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Homoousion

HOMOOUSION A word with a century-long history in early Christianity before it became celebrated when employed in the Nicene Creed (325) and applied to the Son of God to define His relation to the Father (homoousion to patri). In English translations it has usually been rendered “of one substance with,” or “consubstantial,” or “one in …

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