Holweck

Saint Sophia

SAINT SOPHIA [A holy woman of the fourth century or later whose remains are interred in the Church of Santa Sophia (Hagia Sophia) in Constantinople (feast day: 5 Tut). There are several versions of her story.] The Jacobite Tradition The Jacobite-Arabic SYNAXARION, preserved in a seventeenth-century copy (restored in the nineteenth century) in the National …

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Copto-Arabic Synaxarion

COPTO-ARABIC SYNAXARION A list of saints used in the Coptic church Editions of the Synaxarion This book, which has become a liturgical book, is very important for the history of the Coptic church. It appears in two forms: the recension from Lower Egypt, which is the quasi-official book of the Coptic church from Alexandria to …

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George, Saint

GEORGE, SAINT There are various accounts of the history of Saint George, known in Arabic as Mar Jirjis, who is held in great veneration by Copts as an efficacious intercessor. Many stories were handed down by tradition, and are popularly accepted as historical. According to the Coptic SYNAXARION, Saint George was born in Cappadocia to …

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Martyrs, Coptic

MARTYRS, COPTIC The souls recognized in Egypt who suffered persecution and died for their faith. The majority of martyrs belong to the period of Roman persecutions from the time of Nero in the mid-first century to the time of Diocletian in the early fourth century. It is, of course, impossible to assemble the names of …

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Abuqir (Canopus)

ABUQIR (Canopus) A city located on the northern coast of the western Delta, 15 miles (24 km) northeast of Alexandria. The village’s name is an abbreviated Arabic form of the name of the Coptic saint Apa Cyrus, who taught Christianity in this area in the third century and was buried there after his death. Near …

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