Hilaria

Henoticon

HENOTICON When Emperor Zeno returned to Constantinople in 482, he issued his famous Henoticon to the Christians of the world in Alexandria, Egypt, Libya, and Pentapolis. In it, he confirmed the faith of the Fathers of the Councils of Nicaea and Constantinople; nothing, however, is mentioned concerning the Councils of Ephesus and Chalcedon. Zeno condemned …

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Dayr Anba Maqar

DAYR ANBA MAQAR Rising on the desert horizon like a great fortress, the Monastery of Saint MACARIUS was originally the most remote and least accessible of the monasteries of Wadi al- Natrun. It came into being around 360 when Saint Macarius the Egyptian moved southward from the valley to escape the overcrowding of hermits. Here, …

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Saint Archellides

SAINT ARCHELLIDES A Roman noble who became a monk in Palestine (feast day: 13 Tubah). The account of his life has been preserved in Sahidic in a complete codex (New York, Pierpont Morgan Library M 579.1) and in various fragments from DAYR ANBA SHINUDAH (ed. Drescher, 1947), and is attributed to one Eusebius, a historiographer …

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Saint Hilaria

SAINT HILARIA The elder daughter of the fourth-century emperor Zeno, who according to legend became a monk (feast day: 21 Tubah). Zeno had two daughters. The legend is as follows. The elder, Hilaria, seeks the monastic life but Theopiste, the younger, does not entertain such desires. Hilaria secretly, in male attire, travels to Alexandria, where …

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Copto-Arabic Synaxarion

COPTO-ARABIC SYNAXARION A list of saints used in the Coptic church Editions of the Synaxarion This book, which has become a liturgical book, is very important for the history of the Coptic church. It appears in two forms: the recension from Lower Egypt, which is the quasi-official book of the Coptic church from Alexandria to …

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Coptic Saints

COPTIC SAINTS Holy men and women recognized in Egypt who died peacefully, as distinguished from MARTYRS, also saints, who met a violent end. The saints continued to reflect their faith throughout their lives, leaving behind them information that could help posterity record their labors for Christianity. Any listing of saints is an infinitesimal fraction of …

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Martyrs, Coptic

MARTYRS, COPTIC The souls recognized in Egypt who suffered persecution and died for their faith. The majority of martyrs belong to the period of Roman persecutions from the time of Nero in the mid-first century to the time of Diocletian in the early fourth century. It is, of course, impossible to assemble the names of …

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Drescher, James Anthony Bede (1902-1985)

DRESCHER, JAMES ANTHONY BEDE (1902-1985) A frequent contributor to the Bulletin de la Société d’archéologie copte. He was also the editor and translator of Three Coptic Legends: Hilaria, Archellites, The Seven Sleepers (Cairo, 1947) and The Coptic (Sahidic) Version of Kingdoms I, II (Samuel I, II), CSCO 313-314 (Louvain, 1970). MIRRIT BOUTROS GHALI Tags: Eminent