HEGUMENOS

Cyril VI

CYRIL VI The 116th patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1959-1971). He was born ‘Azir Yusuf ‘Ata in 1902 at Tukh al-Nasara, in the Minufiyyah Province, to a devout family who later moved to Alexandria, where he completed his education. At the age of twenty-five, he retreated to al-Baramus Monastery (DAYR AL-BARAMUS), where he …

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CYRIL V

CYRIL V The 112th patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1874-1927). He was born at the village of Tizmant in Bani Suef Province, in 1824, and was known as Hanna al-Nasikh (the calligrapher) because of his beautiful handwriting. At the age of twenty he entered DAYR AL- BARAMUS in Wadi al-Natrun. He was elevated …

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Patriarch Gabriel III

PATRIARCH GABRIEL III The life of the monk and priest Ghubriyāl, who eventually became Coptic patriarch Gabriel III (usually counted as the 77th patriarch, 1268–1271), bears witness to both the flourishing of literary and scientific activity as well as to the turbulence of ecclesiastical and social affairs that characterize Coptic Orthodox history in the middle decades …

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Yusab II

YUSAB II The 115th patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1946-1956). He was born in 1880 at Dayr al-Tafatish, a village near al-Balyana in the province of Jirja. He entered DAYR ANBA ANTUNIYUS, in the Eastern Desert, at the age of seventeen, and was made priest and HEGUMENOS in 1901. From 1902 to 1905 …

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Archimandrite

ARCHIMANDRITE A term of Greek origin (archein, to rule, and mandra, fold, byre) denoting the superior of a monastery. Although its precise application is the subject of controversy, one thing is certain: it was a higher-ranking term than others such as father, PROESTOS, and HEGUMENOS. The title “archimandrite” emerged in the Syrian and Mesopotamian regions …

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Shenute II

SHENUTE II The sixty-fifth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1032-1046). Shenute was a native of the town of Tilbanat-‘Adiy, but the date of his birth is unknown. He joined the Monastery of Saint Macarius (DAYR ANBA MAQAR) at the youthful age of fourteen. The HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS records that he was an …

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Shenouda III

SHENOUDA III The 117th patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1971-). Born Nazir Jayyid, he graduated from Cairo University in 1947 and from the CLERICAL COLLEGE in 1949. He taught theology in a Coptic seminary in Hilwan while participating in many activities of the church. In 1952, he was elected member of the Egyptian …

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Church Hierarchy

CHURCH HIERARCHY The collective body of organized ecclesiastical ranks, in successive order, one above another. The pyramidal structure consists of a hierarch, the pope as the head of the church, in subordination to whom are the episcopacy composed of METROPOLITANS, ARCHBISHOPS, and BISHOPS as well as the presbytery of protopriests (see HEGUMENOS), PRIESTS, and MONKS. …

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