Hebrew

avodah

avodah n. Hebrew (ah-voh-DAH) Literally, “Divine service.” In the Pirke Avot, it is written that the world stands on three pillars: Torah; gemilut hasadim, acts of kindness toward our fellow man; and avodah, service and worship of God. 2. Avodah A unique part of the Musaf service on Yom Kippur, the Avodah prayers describe the …

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aveilut

aveilut n. Hebrew (ah-vay-LOOT) The year of mourning, which Jewish law mandates only for the death of a parent; it is considered an extension of the mitzvah to “honor your mother and your father.” Traditionally, children of the deceased attend services daily to recite the Kaddish. During this time, mourners are not supposed to visit …

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Av

Av n. Hebrew (AV) The fifth month in the Jewish calendar, it usually corresponds to July or August. noun Eisenberg, J., Scolnic, E., & Jewish Publication Society. (2001). The JPS dictionary of Jewish words. Over 1000 entries for Jewish holidays and life-cycle events, culture, history, the Bible and other sacred texts, and worship. Each entry …

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atzilut

atzilut n. Hebrew (ah-tse-LOOT) The world of Divine emanations. According to Kabbalistic theory, atzilut is the first and highest of the four worlds of existence, which emerge from the Ein Sof’s infinite light and culminate in the physical universe. On this level, the light of the Ein Sof radiates and is still united with its …

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atzei chayim

atzei chayim pl. n. Hebrew (ah-TSAY khigh-YEEM) Literally, “trees of life.” The poles to which a Torah scroll is attached. The ends of the poles, which are generally made of wood or ivory, protrude to serve as handles for lifting and carrying the Torah and rolling it to the next section of text. plural noun …

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atarah

atarah n. Hebrew (ah-tah-RAH) The decorative neckband sewn to the top of a tallit. It indicates the way a tallit should be draped over the shoulders. The atarah may be elaborately embroidered and may include the Hebrew blessing that is recited when putting on a tallit. When a man is buried in his tallit, the …

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Ashrei

Ashrei n. Hebrew (OSH-ray) Literally, “happy are they.” A responsive prayer recited during daily and Shabbat services. It includes language from three psalms; its theme is God’s concern for humankind. The prayer is an acrostic; each line begins with the next letter of the Hebrew alphabet except for the letter nun. noun Eisenberg, J., Scolnic, …

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Ashkenazim

Ashkenazim pl. n. Hebrew (osh-keh-NAH-zeem) The name given to the group of Jews who were originally from Germany and France (and their descendants). The word Ashkenaz is the Hebrew name for Germany. The Ashkenazim migrated to Central and Eastern Europe during times of oppression. In pre-World War II Europe, Ashkenazim comprised 90 percent of world …

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Ashamnu

Ashamnu n. Hebrew (ah-SHAHM-noo) Literally, “we have sinned.” A prayer recited on Yom Kippur. It is customary to tap over the heart with the right hand during the prayer. The Ashamnu is in the form of an acrostic, with a sin listed for each letter of the alphabet. For example, “we abuse, we betray, we …

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