GUY WAGNER

Monks and Scholars in the Panopolite Nome: The Epigraphic Evidence

Monks and Scholars in the Panopolite Nome: The Epigraphic Evidence DURING THE CONFERENCE “Perspectives on Panopolis,” which took place in Leyden in 1998, Lucia Criscuolo discussed the evidence of the Greek inscriptions, including Christian ones, from the Panopolite nome, the present-day Sohag-Akhmim area. Already in the beginning of her paper, she observed that it would …

Monks and Scholars in the Panopolite Nome: The Epigraphic Evidence Read More »

Umm Dabadib

UMM DABADIB A remarkably well-preserved village, also called the oasis of ‘Abbas, about 28 miles (45 km) northwest of Khargah. In addition to the village, the site includes an imposing fortress consisting of a central keep flanked by two trapezoidal towers 65 x 65 feet (20 x 20 m) and a square outer rampart 328 …

Umm Dabadib Read More »

Ayn Murrah

AYN MURRAH The site of ‘Ayn Murrah, which means “bitter spring,” is not marked on any map, and is known only from references in books. It is to the northeast of Baris, halfway from the summit of the plateau, and hence in the region of the hermitages of the JABAL TAFNIIS, with which, however, it …

Ayn Murrah Read More »

Al-Bagawat

AL-BAGAWAT Location and Architecture Al-Bagawat is an early Christian necropolis of the ancient town of Hibis (modern Khargah). The graves of the pagan period were arranged as rock tombs on the north and west slopes of the cliff lying to the east opposite the former town area (on the general situation, see Winlock, 1941, pl. …

Al-Bagawat Read More »

Al-Dayr

AL-DAYR A town located some 12 miles (20 km) northeast of Khargah, at the foot of the Jabal Ghanayim. The site of al-Dayr includes a Roman fortress, a well, a pagan cemetery, and a small temple of baked bricks, later converted to a chapel in the Christian period. This monument, which consists of a vestibule …

Al-Dayr Read More »

Jabal Tafnis

JABAL TAFNIS The hermitages of the Jabal Tafnis, a mountain chain that owes its name to the fact that it is on the latitude of Tabennese, in the valley of the Nile, are about 5 miles (8 km) northeast of Shams al-Din, almost at the summit of the rocky plateau. At the site are some …

Jabal Tafnis Read More »

Dush

DUSH In the extreme south of the oasis of Khargah, at Dush, the ancient Kysis, the papyrological dossier of the gravediggers reveals the existence in the second half of the third century (between 224 and 306) of one of the most ancient Christian communities of Egypt. This community, headed by the priest Apollo, was to …

Dush Read More »