Greek text

Stephen The Theban

STEPHEN THE THEBAN A monk. Nothing is known about Stephen the Theban other than that he was a monk. His literary heritage has been transmitted to us in Greek, Arabic, and Georgian, and not in Coptic or any other language. The Greek tradition, according to the research carried out by Jean Darrouzes, attributes three works …

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Physiologos

PHYSIOLOGOS This Greek text was begun around 200 b.c. by Paul of Mendes, who confused the scientific study of nature with magical traditions. Others continued the work after 200 b.c. In a Coptic text attributed to Eusthatius of Thrace, the book of the Physiologos is attributed to King Solomon. (This tradition survived also in Islamic …

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Apostolic Tradition

APOSTOLIC TRADITION A liturgical treatise, previously known as the Egyptian Church Order, by the ecclesiastical writer and theologian of the Roman church, HIPPOLYTUS (170-236). The original Greek text was lost, but Arabic, Coptic, Ethiopian, and Latin versions have survived, the oldest being the Sahidic Coptic translation made about 500. The Arabic version was made from …

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Apostolic Constitutions

APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS A vast canonical and liturgical work circulated in Christian antiquity under this name from the end of the fourth century, but without the name of the author. It is a reworking from several sources, composed by a Syrian. Books 1-6 have as their base the DIDASCALIA, which is here adapted to contemporary institutions, …

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Asclepius

ASCLEPIUS 21-29 The Coptic version of Asclepius 21-29 is the eighth tractate from Codex VI of the NAG HAMMADI LIBRARY, and occurs immediately after a scribal note (VI, 65.8-14) concerning the selection and copying of Hermetic discourses. Although it is untitled in the Coptic manuscript, Asclepius 21-29 is assigned its present title because it is …

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Saint Judas Cyriacus

SAINT JUDAS CYRIACUS A second-century bishop of Jerusalem associated in legend with the discovery of the cross. In connection with Judas Cyriacus we must distinguish history from legend. EUSEBIUS OF CAESAREA is the earliest witness that Judas was the fifteenth bishop of Jerusalem, after James, the brother of the Lord. But Eusebius himself was astonished …

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Coptic Literature

COPTIC LITERATURE National literatures are defined not only by the language in which they are written but also by ethnic and cultural affinities that bind their authors. That is why we may distinguish an American literature in English from British literature or a Latin-American literature in Spanish from Spanish literature. The literature in the Coptic …

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