God

Akedah

Akedah n. Hebrew (ah-kay-DAH) Literally, “binding.” Specifically, the incident in Genesis when God tells Abraham to bind (tie up) his son Isaac and prepare to sacrifice the boy. At the last moment, God stops Abraham from going through with the deed. Explanations of the Akedah include that God was testing Abraham’s obedience; that it shows …

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Akdamut

Akdamut n. Hebrew (ahk-dah-MOOT) Literally, “introduction.” A hymn in praise of God, written in Aramaic, that is sung responsively in synagogue on Shavuot. noun Eisenberg, J., Scolnic, E., & Jewish Publication Society. (2001). The JPS dictionary of Jewish words. Over 1000 entries for Jewish holidays and life-cycle events, culture, history, the Bible and other sacred …

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Ahavat Olam

Ahavat Olam n. Hebrew (ah-hah-VAHT oh-LAHM) Literally, “Eternal Love.” 1. The initial words of the prayer that precedes the Shema in the evening service. It expresses God’s eternal love for the people of Israel. 2. ahavat olam Generally expressed as “love of the world.” A term to describe the motivation behind giving tzedakah or doing …

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Adon Olam

Adon Olam n. Hebrew (ah-DOAN oh-LAM) Literally, “Lord of the world” or “eternal Lord.” One of the songs traditionally sung to end Shabbat and holiday morning services. Sung by the entire congregation together in Hebrew, the words to “Adon Olam” date from the Middle Ages. The hymn praises eternal God, “who rules everything and will …

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Adoshem

Adoshem n. Hebrew (ah-doe-SHEM) A contraction of two of the Hebrew words for God: Adonai and ha-Shem. Adonai is the word most often used in prayers; traditional Jews use the term ha-Shem when referring to God. noun Eisenberg, J., Scolnic, E., & Jewish Publication Society. (2001). The JPS dictionary of Jewish words. Over 1000 entries …

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Adonai

Adonai n. Hebrew (ah-doe-NYE) Literally, “my Lord.” Another name for God, and the one used most often in prayers. Because God’s name is so sacred, it is not spoken as it is written. The Hebrew letters (yud, hay, vav, and hay) that spell the name are read only as Adonai. See also Adoshem, ha-Shem, and …

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ANSWER

ANSWER Passing over the very large number of occurrences of this word in the common sense of ‘reply’ (ἀποκρίνομαι, ἀπόκρισις), there are one or two interesting usages to note before we come to the most theologically significant use of the term. Thus in Tit 2:9 slaves are enjoined not to ‘answer again’ (AV; RV ‘gainsay,’ …

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