Gharbiyyah province

Cosmas I

COSMAS I The forty-fourth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (730-731) (feast day: 30 Ba’unah). He was a native of the town of Bana, near Samannud in the Gharbiyyah Province. Little is known about his secular life before he took the monastic vow in the wilderness of Anba Maqar. Cosmas had a monastic life …

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Samannud

SAMANNUD A city in the middle of the Egyptian Delta some 5 miles (8 km) east of al-Mahallah al-Kubra in the Gharbiyyah province. Greek documents give the name of the city as Sebennytos and in Coptic it was known as jemnou] (Djemnouti). Sebennytos/Samannud has a very old Christian tradition. ATHANASIUS I reported that the city …

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Burah

BURAH The older name of the town now known as Kafr al-Battikh, in the Gharbiyyah province. The town is located in the northeast part of the Delta on the west bank of the Nile arm about five miles west of Damietta. The earliest mention of Christianity in Burah is found in the writings of Eutychius, …

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Bashbish

BASHBISH A town in Egypt said by medieval Muslim authors to be the forerunner of Nisf Awwal Bashbish and Nisf Thani Bashbish, located in the Gharbiyyah province. The HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS mentions Bashbish in passing as a geographical reference point. During the patriarchate of ZACHARIAS (1004-1032), a conflict arose between the bishop of Tanah …

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Damru

DAMRU A village 10.5 miles (17 km) north of Mahallah al-Kubra in the Gharbiyyah province and 13 miles (21 km) west of Mansurah in the Province of Daqahliyyah that served as cell or residence of the Coptic patriarchs for almost 100 years, from 975 to about 1061. The name of this village is mentioned sixteen …

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Sakha

SAKHA A town located in the northern Delta of Egypt about 1.5 miles (2 km) south of Kafr al-Shayk in the Gharbiyyah province. The town was known in Greek as XÒij (Xois) and in Coptic as cekoou (Sekoou). A reference in one of ATHANASIUS’ letters to the bishop of Sakha makes it clear that the …

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Philosophy

PHILUTHAWUS IBRAHIM AL-BAGHDADI (1837-1904) An Egyptian clergyman. He was born in Tanta, capital of the Gharbiyyah Province in the Delta, and received his early education in Coptic schools. He then worked as a clerk while learning Italian, which was then the language of commerce. He joined public service for two years in the province of …

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