Gaianites

Scetis

SCETIS A name that historically designated the area of monastic settlement extending about 19 miles (30 km) through the shallow valley known in the medieval period as Wad Habb, now called Wad al-Natrun, which runs southeast to northwest through the Western or Libyan Desert, about 40 miles (65 km) southwest of the Nile Delta. In …

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Simon I

SIMON I A saint and forty-second patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (689-701). His nomination came at a difficult time. His predecessor, ISAAC, had died in the midst of the fury arising from his meddling in the conflict between Ethiopia and Nubia without consulting the Umayyad governor of Egypt, ‘Abd al-‘Aziz ibn Marwan. In …

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Theodosius Of Alexandria

THEODOSIUS OF ALEXANDRIA A Saint and patriarch. He was the 33rd patriarch of Alexandria (535-566). He is commemorated on the 28th of Baounah. He was a devoted friend and disciple of Severus of Antioch. Riots of the Gaianites followed his consecration. He was able to exercise his authority only briefly but later was forced to …

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Samannud

SAMANNUD A city in the middle of the Egyptian Delta some 5 miles (8 km) east of al-Mahallah al-Kubra in the Gharbiyyah province. Greek documents give the name of the city as Sebennytos and in Coptic it was known as jemnou] (Djemnouti). Sebennytos/Samannud has a very old Christian tradition. ATHANASIUS I reported that the city …

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Theodosians

THEODOSIANS Followers of THEODOSIUS I (d. c. 567), the Jacobite patriarch of Alexandria. They comprised the section of the Monophysite party known as Severians. Their adherence to Severus’ belief in the corruptibility of the body of Christ earned them the name Corrupticolae (“worshipers of the corruptible”) and the blood- spilling enmity of the followers of …

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Assumption

ASSUMPTION The taking up of Mary into heaven. The calendar of feasts of the Coptic Church celebrates the death of the Virgin Mother of God and the ascension of her soul into heaven on 21 Tubah. The metamorphosis or conveyance of her body into heaven is placed on 16 Misra. There is thus a 206-day …

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Dayr Anba Bishoi (Scetis)

DAYR ANBA BISHOI (Scetis) History This is one of the surviving ancient monasteries in SCETIS (modern Wadi al-Natrun). There is no historically reliable information on its foundation, but on the basis of what little is known of the earliest monastic establishments in Scetis, it may be surmised that it grew from a settlement, or laura, …

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Rashid

RASHID (Rosetta) A city in the Egyptian Delta situated west of Lake Burullus, some 26 miles (42 km) northwest of Damanhur near the Nile mouth known as Masabb Rashid. In Greek, the city was known as Bolbitine. Westerners know the place as Rosetta, a name famous for the stone found not far from the city …

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Gaianus

GAIANUS The rival patriarch of Alexandria in 537. When THEODOSIUS I, the official candidate for the patriarchate, appeared for his enthronement, a popular movement of all classes in the city swept Gaianus, who had been an archdeacon under TIMOTHY III, into his place. Against the Severianism (see SEVERIAN OF JABALAH) of Theodosius, Gaianus represented the …

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Agathon Of Alexandria

AGATHON OF ALEXANDRIA Thirty-ninth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (661-677). Before his preferment to the Coptic patriarchate, Agathon was the assistant to BENJAMIN I from 644. During his predecessor’s last illness, he assumed de facto patriarchal authority until his succession to the throne of Saint Mark in 661. He was a fierce fighter …

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