Cyriacus

CYRIACUS A Bishop of al-Bahnasa (Oxyrhynchus), assumed author of eight homilies. We have no historical evidence of either the existence of this person or the period in which he lived. On the latter, opinions greatly diverge: G. Graf (1944-1953, Vol. 1, p. 475) thinks that if one accepts what is said by the Ethiopian Book […]

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Canons Of Epiphanius

CANONS OF EPIPHANIUS A set of canons prescribing moral rules concerning the clergy and the laity, promulgated by the emperor JUSTINIAN at the instigation of the patriarch of Constantinople. The Epiphanius under whose name these canons are placed is not, as one might be tempted to think, the famous bishop of Salamis in the fourth […]

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Ecclesiastical Canons

ECCLESIASTICAL CANONS The name given by P. de Lagarde (1883, p. 239, n. a) to distinguish these canons from the seventy-one APOSTOLIC CANONS. In the Arabic version of the Coptic, it is the first book of the 127 Canons of the Apostles. Their superscription in Sahidic is: “These are the canons of our holy fathers […]

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Architectural Elements Of Churches -Index

ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS OF CHURCHES -INDEX Aisle Ambulatory Apse Atrium Baptistery Cancelli Ceiling Choir Ciborium Coffer Colonnade Column Crypt Daraj al-haykal Diaconicon Dome Elements Gallery Horseshoe arch Iconostasis Khurus Maqsurah Naos Narthex Nave Niche Pastophorium Pillare Porche Presbytery Prothyrone Prothesise Return aisle Roofe Sacristy Saddleback roof Sanctuary Shaq al-haykal Sacristye Sanctuarye Synthronone Tetraconche Tribelone Triconche Triumphal […]

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Diaconicon – Architectural Elements Of Churches

Diaconicon A diaconicon is a room in a church for the use of the deacons in carrying out their duties. Etymologically the word “diaconicon” means “belonging to the deacon.” In antiquity the exact location of the diaconicon in the church does not seem to have been specified. From what is known so far, the designation […]

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Athanasius, Bishop Of Abu Tij

ATHANASIUS, BISHOP OF ABU TIJ A collector, restorer, and copyist of manuscripts (d. 1819/20) This bishop, known chiefly from the history of Coptic Arabic manuscripts, must be considered a major protagonist in the early Coptic cultural awakening of modern times (19th century).1 He is to be distinguished from two other homonymous bishops of the same […]

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Saint Severian Of Jabalah Or Severianus

SAINT SEVERIAN OF JABALAH or Severianus One of the great orators of the fourth century (feast day: 7 Tut). Known for numerous homilies, he died after 408. Severian had been invited to court at Constantinople, where he must have known Saint JOHN CHRYSOSTOM, with whom he did not sympathize. Indeed, the bishop of Jabalah was […]

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Butrus Ibn Al-Khabbaz

BUTRUS IBN AL-KHABBAZ A thirteenth-century metropolitan of Ethiopia and copyist of biblical texts. This priest is known from notes found in four Arabic manuscripts of Coptic origin. A fourteenth-century manuscript in the Coptic Patriarchate in Cairo (Theology 220) contains ten monastic texts (Graf, 1934), or seventeen according to Simaykah and Yassa ‘Abd al-Masih (1942), which […]

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Butrus Sawirus Al-Jamil

BUTRUS SAWIRUS AL-JAMIL A thirteenth-century bishop of Malij and first compiler of the Coptic SYNAXARION. It is not known exactly when he lived, and no details of his life are known for certain. He lived probably at the end of the twelfth century and the beginning of the thirteenth, since he comes between MIKHA’IL, BISHOP […]

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Tuma Ibn Al-Najib Lutfallah

TUMA IBN AL-NAJIB LUTFALLAH A fourteenth-century monk known from two manuscripts that he copied. Tuma’s name is given in two colophons of Vatican Arabic 158 with the addition “known as (al-ma‘ruf bi-) al-Mahalli,” which suggests he came from al-Mahallah in the Delta. The same colophons also record that he was a monk at the monastery […]

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