Funds

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (the Joint)

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (the Joint) n. English Created in 1914 by the merger of several war relief organizations, the Joint’s original purpose was to raise funds for war victims and refugees. Today, the Joint sponsors programs of relief, rescue, and reconstruction in the State of Israel and around the world. Many of its …

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The Monastery of the Holy Virgin Mary at al-Muharraq, Mount Qusqam: History and Heritage (Reflections of Its Monks)

The Monastery of the Holy Virgin Mary at al-Muharraq, Mount Qusqam: History and Heritage (Reflections of Its Monks) Introduction[1] The history of the Coptic Orthodox Church makes no mention of any information about the monastic community or the Holy Virgin Church in the Qusqam region until the fourteenth-century ad. The name Qusqam (al-Muharraq Monastery) is …

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Gabriel V (?-1427)

GABRIEL V (?-1427) A Patriarch (88th, 1409-1427), liturgical reformer. Gabriel V was patriarch during a period of political instability, economic difficulties, and repeated outbreaks of plague, during which the Coptic community, like other dhimmi communities in Egypt, was regularly scapegoated and shaken down for funds. The Muslim historian al-Maqrizi reports that Gabriel was obliged to …

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