Fatimid Dynasty

Sa‘Id Ibn Al-Bitriq

SA‘ID IBN AL-BITRIQ A Melchite patriarch of Alexandria, known in his ecclesiastical capacity as Eutychius. He was born in A.D. 877 in the old capital of Egypt, al-Fustat, was elected to the Melchite patriarchate in 933, and died in 940. His original vocation as a layman was the practice of medicine, in which he, in …

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Karimi Guild

KARIMI GUILD One of the most important guilds of merchants in the history of the Middle East. It conducted extensive trade between the East and the West at the end of the Middle Ages, including the Karimi commerce in spices, jewelry, and precious stones, from the Far East to the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, …

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Fatimids And The Copts

FATIMIDS AND THE COPTS It is difficult to give a complete picture of the situation of the Copts under the Fatimid dynasty (972-1171). Generally speaking, the caliphs were very tolerant toward them, except during two very tense periods that even brought persecution: under al-HAKIM (996-1021) and during the reign of the last caliph, al-‘Adid. With …

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John V

JOHN V The seventy-second patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1147-1167). John was a monk in the Monastery of Saint John (Dayr Abu Yuhannis). Tradition claims that his name was included among the three candidates from whom the name of his predecessor MICHAEL V was chosen. This time he was chosen outright because of …

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